4.13-4.21 - Intro. to International Relations 4.13-4.20...

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Intro. to International Relations 4.13-4.20 Nation-building Nation-building: use of military force and other means to create or restore durable democratization to a country - military forces have to provide security until local forces are trained/restored/etc - typically, local forces will provide security to people while outside military power fights “bad guys,” and gradually the local forces begin to do both Outside force may have to build up country’s infrastructure/economy, as well as a political system, which means putting together a government while reconciling potential differences between conflicting groups “Big War” philosophy : United States should not commit its military unless there are clear objectives, more than enough force to do the job, public support/support from Congress, and there is an exit strategy “We don’t do nation-building!” - argued by Caspar Weinberger and Colin Powell - “nice idea,’ says STOLL , but not realistic - Often, these elements are missing from our actual missions 1935: military writes manual on nation-building that includes elements of “big war” philosophy (you would find this book with military in Iraq today) - book calls nation-building efforts “small wars” - what’s a small war ? - Small war: Marine Corps sent on president’s orders (not army!) - In a small war, it is not a 100% strict military operation, and diplomacy is ongoing - Thus, in small war, State Dept. is in charge as marine corps fights - 1935 manual is still relevant; essentially a text for “when we get to go in” - Our main task is to protect people - When you go into these countries, you must assume that your movements will be reported back to other side o Also, it will be difficult to get info from locals since you are a foreign power; have to assume that every civilian is against you - Another characteristic of small war, as described by 1935 manual, is intense propaganda effort in press/Congress; the point is, small war efforts will be generally misunderstood and misconstrued - Point of all of this is, U.S. has history of nation-building Throughout U.S. history, use of Marine Corps deployment usually occurs without a declaration of war - dates back to Undeclared Naval War with France - sometimes, effort is solely humanitarian (e.g. Tsunami relief)
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1805: first time U.S. decided to mess with politics of foreign country—Tripoli - William Eaton, a diplomat, thought that Tripoli’s nominal leader was not helpful to the U.S., and best thing to do would be to replace him with his brother via coup attempt - This didn’t quite work, but is example of U.S.’s long history of interfering in other states’ politics - Also, it is not infrequent to have U.S. forces serving under a foreign commander Post-WWII, U.S. attempted nation-building a number of times - Somalia, Haiti, Bosnia, Kosovo, Afghanistan, Iraq - All comprehensive efforts of military force and political/economic reconstruction Are there some generalizations we can draw from post-WWII work? What is successful nation-building?
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course POLI 211 taught by Professor Stoll during the Spring '06 term at Rice.

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4.13-4.21 - Intro. to International Relations 4.13-4.20...

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