1.24-1.30 - Intro. to International Relations 1.24-1.31...

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Intro. to International Relations 1.24-1.31 Lecture Anarchy: no greater power above the state -There is no rescue force/police force for int’l community -In an anarchic situation you protect yourself through arms buildup -This is internal balancing ; also, coalition building with other nations is external balancing ; internal balancing is best option! SELF HELP is the most reliable way of issuing one’s own safety Sovereignty: When the state has total authority over its people; outside authorities hold no control over internal affairs Internal sovereignty : e.g. King has control over his own people; his rule should be absolute Statehood : control of one legislated and administrative ruler (?) EMPRICAL STATEHOOD: recognized by other states Juridical statehood : you have control over people Example of juridical but not imperial: democratic Iraq They can’t exercise internal sovereignty, but U.S. army keeps it organized Somalia: int’l force pulled out and all went to hell FAILED/QUASI-STATES: can’t insure the safety of anyone Ethnic violence Causes of civil war: nationalities want their own state -used to live in peaceful EMPIRE of many states and nationalities -Nationalism erupted w/ French Revolution and caused ethnic violence Much ethnic violence erupts after main authority weakens, e.g. Yugoslavia -Minority vs. Majority group: minority begins ethnic struggle at the point of weakening gov’t b/c there’s a window of opportunity for change Why else do people want their own states? SECURITY!! The minority won’t cut a deal w/ majority b/c/ when they later regain power, they’ll go back to their old oppressive ways SECURITY DILEMMA Alliances : present opportunities and constraints; you’re forced to help their own troubles, but you are helped too. Also, automatic enemies are found. -e.g. China vs. Taiwan U.S. has committed itself to Taiwan sovereignty. However, U.S. doesn’t want confrontation w/ China CONSTRAINT -U.S. tries to stop Chinese invasion of Taiwan and at same time tries to stop Taiwan from doing anything radical against China Entrapment : committing oneself into an alliance and being bound to them Buck-passing : Not helping your allies
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I. Realism Theoretical and practical realists focus on 2 questions: 1) Survival of Individual States: what things are associated w/ survival and prosperity? They also promote specific, “good” behavior 2) What accounts for the endurance of systems of states? As policy advisors, they also promote certain methods of longevity. Offensive: assumes states seek to maximize power and become hegemony Defensive: suggests states are seeking to survive; not only do you have to wage war, but you have to start war to maintain the current situation. Differentially, you’re not seeking to run the whole planet.
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course POLI 211 taught by Professor Stoll during the Spring '06 term at Rice.

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1.24-1.30 - Intro. to International Relations 1.24-1.31...

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