Cannot change stable attribution catastrophizing and

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Unformatted text preview: result? Hopelessness and inability to make positive changes in one’s life. - helping them to become more aware - teach them the tool to deal or cope with the negative attributional style The Role We Play in Others’ Psychological Disorders - social factor: belonging vs loneliness, identity validation, social support, criticism, etc humans are fundamentally social creatures. Therefore, it’s no surprise that social factors play a huge role in psychological disorders, serving as contributing causes to disorders, determine whether people seek help for their disorder, play a key role in the therapeutic process itself (i.e., relationship with warm, empathetic, trusted therapist), can help or hinder therapy, and are a primary resource for coping (social support). In Conclusion disorders are common disorders are an extension of ‘normal’ there is no solid line b/w normal & abnormal: one can get insight into themselves & others through understanding disorders, but to properly diagnose a disorder requires a convergence of multiple indicators In Conclusion disorders have a variety of causes, ranging from biological, to cognitive, to interpersonal, to the larger circumstances of one’s life we can make a major difference (although not always) to the outcomes of someone with a disorder, sometimes through drugs, sometimes through therapy, sometimes through a combination of both, sometimes through the “common factors” of treatment, sometimes through making “external” changes in the person’s circumstances Treating Psychological Disorders ‘talk therapy’ – e.g., psychodynamic approaches – the importance of common factors: insight & understanding, empathy, accepting & trusting relationship with therapist the importance of expressing one’s thoughts & feelings: Pennebaker’s work on writing about personal trauma Treating Psychological Disorders - they know people are picking up on their oddities which causes them to withdraw drugs (esp. short term and in certain cases; e.g., bipolar, schizophrenia, extreme - easy for them to withdraw negative feedback from people dysfunction) -- getotmoretherapies include social skills a l of behaviour modification (e.g., ABA; token economies) & specific behavioural interventions (e.g., play therapy, social skills training; exercise & nutrition) - CBT cognitive behavioural therapy (thought restructuring + behavioural skills training) Multiple Approaches: A Systems Perspective e.g., drugs in combination with CBT e.g., social skills training, even for schizophrenia e.g., a family systems approach: taking a larger perspective, and thinking of disorders as emerging out of a larger pattern of relationships, esp. family relationships e.g., alcoholism & co-dependence e.g., schizophrenia & family support - family functioning is very important - higher EE family = higher relapse rate - relapse rate = 0% Cognitive Behavioural Therapy - dysfunctional habits of thought and behaviour cognitiv...
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