Higher ee family higher relapse rate relapse rate 0

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Unformatted text preview: e: sees disorder rooted in dysfunctional HABITS of thought behavioural: sees disorder rooted in dysfunctional HABITS of behaviour, and deficiencies in particular skills CBT Example: Social Phobia (social anxiety disorder) cognitive aspects: (e.g.,) beliefs that others do not like you beliefs that you don’t know how to talk to people, you constantly make a fool out of yourself and others judge you negatively belief that when others do X (e.g., don’t return your phone call, forget your birthday, talk to someone else at a party), they are rejecting you CBT Example: Social Phobia behavioural aspects: (e.g.,) withdrawal from social situations inability (unwillingness) to initiate conversations high anxiety in social situations, easily embarrassed & flustered not paying attention to what person is saying, b/c internally over-focused inappropriate self-focus; deficit in active listening skills, eye contact, etc. CBT Example: Social Phobia treatment focuses on improving: behavioural skills (e.g., social skills training; active listening, relaxation) and developing more positive/functional behavioural habits: (e.g., setting goals to talk to X # of people, attend social events, practicing one’s new social skills, etc.) CBT Example: Social Phobia improving cognitive habits: finding ways to intervene in what have become habitually dysfunctional patterns: - help people to become more aware of their dysfunctional habits the goal is to get better acquainted with one’s thought habits, to gain insight into their unreasonably negative characteristics, and then to develop alternative thought habits Reframing Dysfunctional Beliefs cognitive restructuring: learning to reappraise circumstances in less negative - therapists help clients recognizing maladaptive thought patterns and replace them with ways of ways viewing the world as it actually is e.g., person left b/c they were tired, didn’t return phone call b/c they were busy e.g., just b/c that person doesn’t like me does not mean I’m dislikable e.g., just b/c I felt uncomfortable this time doesn’t mean I will always feel that way Reframing Dysfunctional Beliefs disputing irrational beliefs: - they are not rational, they are not true I’m no good at anything; I’ll never succeed I can’t handle it if someone doesn’t like me I made a mistake; my whole life is going to fall apart If I do X, life will be wonderful Bad things don’t happen to good people There’s nothing I can do about this.... Reframing Dysfunctional Beliefs e.g., benefit finding & post-traumatic growth: this situation is terrible, but there are also benefits to be found (e.g., lessons, closer relationships, clarification of priorities, gratitude for other blessings, etc.) - e.g., benefit finding: coming toe appreciate how one has grown as a result of events in one's life. Even with very traumatic experiences, the "post- traumatic growth" that this sort approach leads to, the better the person is doing in life (e.g....
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This note was uploaded on 09/17/2013 for the course PSY 100H1 taught by Professor Dolderman during the Summer '12 term at University of Toronto.

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