Sane in insane places 8 normal people dont have

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: 8 "normal" people (don't have psychological disorder) - complained of hearing voices that said empty, hollow, and thud - all admitted to hospital, 7 diagnosed as schizophrenic - how long before they got out? ---> 7-52 days (and 2100 pills later...) - the patient is not responding to normal, polite question in normal way -> because the doctor is not believe they're dealing with normal people - doctors should use multiple criteria for determining a diagnoses (e.g., medical history) Evaluating Psychopathology: 3 Macro-Criteria 1) Deviance: is the person’s behaviour or experience outside of social norms? - people with tattoo, homosexual = not social norms 2) Maladaptive: is it interfering with other, “normal” aspects of life, responsibilities, etc.? - struggling in their life 3) Personal distress: is the person greatly distressed? A Continuum, Not a Dichotomy clearly functional/ normal: clearly dysfunctional/ abnormal: - socially normative - socially deviant - no distress - personal distress - adaptive beh. - maladaptive beh. Psychological Assessment and Diagnosis - assessment begins with observing behavior and manner, discussing present symptoms, personal and family history, health issues, stress - e.g., a women who is stress and have no medical history be consider as an anti-depression patient by the doctor Rates of Psychopathology - psychological disorders are extremely common - ~10% of the population suffers from a disorder each year - estimates of lifetime prevalence = ~20-44+% (there is a wide range of such estimate) Understanding Disorders at Multiple Levels of Analysis - different type of systems = determine a type of person disorders involve a multifaceted system of factors: Neurochemical (e.g., neurotransmitter problems) Physiological (e.g., illness, exhaustion) Cognitive (e.g., explanatory style) - thought Affective (e.g., mood, positive emotions in response to reward) - emotion Behavioural: (e.g., goal striving, interpersonal engagement/withdrawal, hygiene, work) Environmental: (e.g., pollutants, crime, home/ community disorganization) Interpersonal: (e.g., family conflict, social isolation) e.g., eating, drinking, drugs, sex, missing work/school, withdrawal from social events STRUCTURAL FACTORS (e.g., $, job, bills piling up, credit rating, dr’s appts, etc… successful outcomes behaviours goals meaninglessness physiology (immune system) health physiology (cardiovascular recovery from stress) friendships vs. loneliness control beliefs interpersonal expectancies/ attributions DEPRESSION emotions - mind and body are not separated - nutrition can help to treat disorder also, neurochemicals: e.g., serotonin, norepinephrine - more serotonin -> better to cure depression Depression: Cognitive Factors E.g., negative attributional style: blaming oneself excessively for negative outcomes (internal attribution) assuming that one cannot change (stable attribution) catastrophizing and overgeneralizing (global attribution) the...
View Full Document

Ask a homework question - tutors are online