Has innumerable implications for psychology and for

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: ications for psychology, and for important societal issues, like prejudice and discrimination. - Amadou Diallo - 23-year-old immigrant from Guinea who was shot and killed in New York City by four New York City Police Department plain-clothed officers - fired a combined total of 41 shots - white polices thought he is pulling out the gun, but in fact he is taking out his wallet - police brutality, racial profiling, and contagious shooting were central to the ensuing controversy - if he is white, will it be the same conclusion? COGNITION EMOTION BEHAVIOUR Stereotype Prejudice Discrimination Stereotype - certain type of analysis Cognitive schema: an organized system of ‘knowledge’ that guides information processing - organized system of belief Fundamentally no different from any concept (i.e., an abstraction, comprised of interconnected beliefs, that organizes our perceptions & guides cognitive, affective & behavioural processes) - theory: high level of organized system to guide information processing - concept: lower level of organized system to guide information processing e.g., Julie Andrews…….your best friend……restaurant……. Professor How do stereotypes perceptions? • Stereotypes colour the meaning of behaviour. E.g., Duncan, 1978 – students watched an ambiguously hostile interaction between a White and Black student; one student shoves the other WHITE ‘shover’ shove was less serious, more playful BLACK ‘shover’ shove was more aggressive & hostile How do stereotypes perceptions? • Stereotypes help us “fill in the blanks;” e.g., the fight on the subway b/w B&W men -- videoreconstructed when passed on story - stereotype: regarding the person, action, emotion - stereotype can change perception, decision, value • Payne, 2001: Would having “Black” vs. “White” on one’s mind change how one made snap judgements about whether an object is a GUN or a TOOL? • Subjects are shown Black or White faces, then an object, and have to decide: GUN or TOOL? - pick either gun or tool in order to make the decision Results: Reaction Times - measure the reaction times Prime 423 441 454 466 Object Results: Misidentification Errors - more likely to misidentify the tool is the gun after seeing black faces Prime 0.25 0.27 0.37 0.31 Object Conclusion? • • • • If “BLACK” is on people’s minds, they will be: Faster to see a gun as a gun Slower to see a tool as a tool (not a gun) More likely to see a tool as a gun But would stereotypes lead us to shoot someone? Josh Correll: inspired by Amadou Diallo story Videogame flashes pictures of White and Black men, holding a gun or other objects (e.g., cell phone, wallet) -- experiment shoot or no shoot quick decision: - must decide right away (DV = REACTION TIMES) White Black Armed 550 539 Unarmed 607 620 (DV = Error Rates/20 trials) White Black Armed 2.5 1.5 Unarmed 2.4 3.3 - negative stereotype towards poor people, blacks, minorities, etc The Power of Suggestion...
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Ask a homework question - tutors are online