3.30-4.11

3.30-4.11 - Intro. to International Relations 3.30-4.11...

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Intro. to International Relations 3.30-4.11 3.30 Benefits of trade- not distributed evenly across a population -cheap foreign goods coming into the country, some will be put out of work   Difficult to find, collect accurate data on trade   Further often A's exports to B do not match B's imports from A   Usually studies relate interdependence to trade- difficult to separate two ideas Further, most studies look for development of  a crisis 1. No conflict -> crisis 2. Crisis-> war 3. No conflict -> war   Most focus on 1.    Differences based on economics between developed and undeveloped world -most studies provide info for developed countries -what happens in the developed world is different from what happens in the developING world -ie don’t look to European experience as model for other countries   How did Europe get ahead? By 1500 large inequalities, evident by European expansionism  Diseases: most can only be sustained in large dense population centers People living closely together (cities) happened more frequently in  Europe (-> Europeans develop immunity) Most diseases develop in animals then jump to humans; europeans have  more domesticated animals -> more diseases early on, then more  immunity Why more domesticated animals in Europe? Animals need diet that can be supplied by humans, animals  need rapid growth rate, can breed in domestication, need certain  disposition, have to be able to be fenced in (most animals don’t  fit) Eur-Asia had larger land mass -> more animals and more  PLANTS Eur-Asia : east-west land mass, climate similar across v Americas and Africa  stretch North, South ie plants and animals don’t translate well north south ACCIDENT OF GEOGRAPHY  
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  European development- economic and Other advancements -people live longer, health is better, education increases, political participation increases Political systems changing to become more inclusive Development = improvement in many other areas   1940s- development needs to be brought to other parts of the world European industrialization- not consequence of government action (economically driven) Post WWII- want to develop in a conscious way, ie with gov intervention But didn’t happen as quickly or as evenly as European development (specifically  political improvements/increases in political participation didn’t occur)   Developed world already existed, ie would have significant impact on the  developing world -> DEPENDENCY THEORY 1700s - differences in development in different regions of the world, but not very obvious Why didn’t the rest of the world keep up with Europe, or at least not fall so far 
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course POLI 211 taught by Professor Stoll during the Spring '06 term at Rice.

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3.30-4.11 - Intro. to International Relations 3.30-4.11...

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