paper4 - Shaun Wise 11/27/07 Nietzsche Nietzsche's second...

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Shaun Wise 11/27/07 Nietzsche Nietzsche’s second essay in Genealogy of Morals is about the affect debt has had on human thought. Nietzsche explains how the evolution of debt has gone from a way to make the creditor feel good, to a feeling that causes self –hate through guilt. Guilt and suffering led to the creation of gods and religion. Nietzsche begins his essay by telling the history of guilt. He explains that a debt was originally a broken promise or a failed obligation. To repay this debt one would usually have to suffer through an event that brought pleasure to the creditor. After this was over both men would walk away with no hard feelings. They were both satisfied because the debtor was paid up, and the creditor got pleasure by taking out aggression on the debtor. The pleasure came from humans’ animal instincts. Over time, as people became more civilized, this practice was not used. This caused all feelings to be held inside and turned people “ inward”. This caused humans to create a “bad conscience” to
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paper4 - Shaun Wise 11/27/07 Nietzsche Nietzsche's second...

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