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Unformatted text preview: ubordination" of the family by labor market and in the home. technological developments that made possible the
recruitment of "the whole female sex into public industry."
Observers thus differed concerning the social desirability of
mechanization's effects, but they agreed that it would
transform women's lives.
Historians, particularly those investigating the history
of women, now seriously question this assumption of
transforming power. They conclude that such dramatic
technological innovations as the spinning jenny, the sewing
machine, the typewriter, and the vacuum cleaner have not
resulted in equally dramatic social changes in women's
economic position or in the prevailing evaluation of
women's work. The employment of young women in textile
mills during the Industrial Revolution was largely an
extension of an older pattern of employment of young,
single women as domestics. It was not the change in office
technology, but rather the separation of secretarial work,
previously seen as an apprenticeship for beginning
managers, from administrative work that in the 1880's
created a new class of "dead -end" jobs, thenceforth
considered "women's work." The increase in the numbers
of married women employed outside the home in the
twentieth century had less to do with the mechanization of
housework and an increase in leisure time for these women
than it did with their own economic n ecessity and with high
marriage rates that shrank the available pool of single
women workers, previously, in many cases, the only
women employers would hire.
Women's work has changed considerably in the past
200 years, moving from the household to the office or the
factory, and later becoming mostly white-collar instead of
142 3.Which of the following statements best summarizes F or the following question, consider each of the the main idea of the passage? choices separately and select all that apply (A) The effects of the mechanization of women's 5. Which of the following statement about many work have not borne out the frequently held employers before the twentieth century are NOT assumption that new technology is inherently implied in the passage? revolutionary.
(B) Recent studies have shown that mechanization A They did not employ women in factories. revolutionizes a society's traditional values B They tended to employ single rather than married and the customary roles of its members. women. (C) Mechanization has caused the nature of C They hired women only when qualified men women's work to change since the Industrial were not available to fill the open positions. Revolution.
(D) The mechanization of work creates whole new 6.Which of the following best describes the function of classes of jobs that did not previously exist. the concluding sentence of the passage? (E) The mechanization of women's work, while (A) It sums up the general points concerning the extremely revolutionary it its effects, has not, mechanization of work made in the pa...
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This document was uploaded on 09/16/2013.
- Fall '13