36套

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: critic, Hilton Kramer, said of her work, ―For (C) The extent of critical approval of Nevelson‘s myself, I think Ms. Nevelson succeeds where the work painters often fail.‖ (D) A distinction between sculpture and painting (55 words) (E) A reason for the prominence of women sculptors since the 1950‘s 69 Until about five years ago, the very idea that peptide hormones might be made anywhere in the brain besides the hypothalamus was astounding. But laboratory after Line laboratory found that antiserums to peptide hormones, 5 when injected into the brain, bind in places other than the hypothalamus, indicating that either the hormones or substances that cross-react with the antiserums are present. The immunological method of detecting peptide hormones by means of antiserums, however, is 10 imprecise. Cross-reactions are possible and this method cannot determine whether the substances detected by the antiserums really are the hormones, or merely close relatives. Furthermore, this method cannot be used to determine the location in the body where the detected 15 substances are actually p roduced. New techniques of molecular biology, however, provide a way to answer these questions. It is possible to make specific complementary DNA‘s (cDNA‘s) that can serve as molecular probes to seek out the messenger RNA‘s 20 (mRNA‘s) of the peptide hormones. The brain cells containing these mRNA‘s can then be isolated and their mRNA‘s decoded to determine just what their protein products are and how closely the products resemble the true peptide hormones. (187 words) 11. Which of the following titles best summarizes the passage? (A) Is Molecular Biology the Key to Understanding Intercellular Communication in the Brain? (B) Molecular Biology: Can Researchers Exploit Its Techniques to Synthesize Peptide Hormones? (C) The Advantages and Disadvantages of the Immunological Approach to Detecting Peptide Hormones (D) Peptide Hormones: How Scientists Are Attempting to Solve Problems of Their Detection (E) Peptide Hormones: The Role Played by Messenger RNA‘s in Their Detection 12. The passage suggests that a substance detected in the brain by use of antiserums to peptide hormones may (A) have been stored in the brain for a long period of time (B) play no role in the functioning of the brain (C) have been produced in some part of the body other than the brain (D) have escaped detection by molecular methods (E) play an important role in the functioning of the hypothalamus 13. Which of the following is mentioned in the passage as a drawback of the immunological method of detecting peptide hormones? (A) It cannot be used to detect the presence of growth regulators in the brain. (B) It cannot distinguish between the peptide hormones and substances that are very similar to them. (C) It uses antiserums that are unable to cross the blood-brain barrier. (D) It involves a purification process that requires extensive training in endocrinology. (E) It involves injecting foreign...
View Full Document

This document was uploaded on 09/16/2013.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online