Unformatted text preview: lastic study of the very rich in the United States (A) They formed a distinct upper class. between 1825 and 1850. (B) Many of them were able to increase their holdings. Pessen does present a quantity of examples, together (C)Some of them worked as professionals or in with some refreshingly intelligible statistics, to establish business. the existence of an inordinately wealthy class. Though
10 (D) Most of them accumulated their own fortunes. active in commerce or the professions, most of the (E) Many of them retained their wealth in spite of wealthy were not self-made, but had inherited family financial upheavals. fortunes. In no sense mercurial, these great fortunes
5. Which of the following best states the author‘s survived the financial panics that destroyed lesser ones.
Indeed, in several cities the wealthiest one percent
15 main point?
(A) Pessen‘s study has overturned the pre viously constantly increased its share until by 1850 it owned
half of the community‘s wealth. Although these established view of the social and economic observations are true, Pessen o verestimates their structure of early nineteenth-century America.
(B) Tocqueville‘s analysis of the United States importance by concluding from them that the undoubted
progress toward inequality in the late eighteenth century
20 in the Jacksonian era remains the definitive continued in the Jacksonian period and that the United account of this period.
(C) Pessen‘s study is valuable primarily because States was a class-ridden, plutocratic society even
before industrialization. (162 words) it shows the continuity of the social
system in the United States throughout
the nineteenth century.
(D) The social patterns and political power of
the extremely wealthy in the United
States between 1825 and 1850 are well
(E) Pessen challenges a view of the social and
economic system in the United States
from 1825 to 1850, but he draws
conclusions that are incorrect. 2 6. The passage‘s suggestion that the total anaerobic Anaerobic gl ycolysis is a process in which energy is
produced, without oxygen, through the breakdown of energy reserves of a vertebrate are proportional to the muscle glycogen into lactic acid and adenosine tri- vertebrate‘s size is based on which of the following Line phosphate (ATP), the energy provider. The amount
5 assumption? of energy that can be produced anaerobically is a (A) larger vertebrates conserve more energy function of the amount of glycogen present—in all than smaller vertebrates vertebrates about 0.5 percent of their muscles‘ wet (B) larger vertebrates use less oxygen per unit weight. Thus the anaerobic energy reserves of a verte- weight than smaller vertebrates brate are proportional to the size of the animal. If, for
10 (C) the ability of a vertebrate to consume food example, some predators had attacked a 100-ton is a function of its size dinosaur, normally torpid, the dinosaur would have (D) the amount of muscle tissue in a vertebrate bee...
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This document was uploaded on 09/16/2013.
- Fall '13