From the passage about written translations of oral

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Unformatted text preview: (C) desire to persuade people as completely as being. Logical argument is the plot, as it were, of any possible speech or essay that is respectfully intended to persuade (D) misunderstanding of the use of the term "scientistic" people. Yet it is a characterizing feature of rhetoric that it (E) view of human motivation goes beyond this and appeals to the parts of our nature that are involved in feeling, desiring, acting, and suffering. F or the following question, consider each of the It recalls relevant instances of the emotional reactions of choices separately and select all that apply people to circumstances-real or fictional-that are similar to our own circumstances. 10. Which of the following states the author's main point about logical argument? A □ It is a sterile, abstract discipline, of little use in real life. B □ It is an essential element of persuasive discourse, but only one such element. C □ It is essential to persuasive discourse because it deals with universal truths. 94 Questions 11 to 13 are based on the following reading passage. 11. The author implies that the rate at which the molten When a molten metal or metallic alloy is cooled to a materials discussed in the passage are cooled is a solid, a crystalline structure is formed that depends on the determinant of the particular alloy composition. In contrast, molten (A) chemical composition of the resulting solids Line nonmetallic glass-forming materials, when cooled, do not 5 (B) strength of the chemical bonds that are formed assume a crystalline structure, but instead retain a (C) kinetics of the materials' crystalline structure structure somewhat like that of the liquid--an amorphous (D) structure the materials assume structure. At room temperature, the natural long-term (E) stability of the materials' crystalline structure tendency for both types of materials is to assume the crystalline structure. The difference between the two is in 10 12. It can be inferred from the passage that, theoretically, the kinetics or rate of formation of the crystalline molten nonmetallic glasses assume a crystalline structure, which is controlled by factors such as the nature structure rather than an amorphous structure only if of the chemical bonding and the ease with which atoms they are cooled move relative to each other. Thus, in metals, the kinetics (A) very evenly, regardless of the rate favors rapid formation of a crystal line structure, whereas 15 (B) rapidly, followed by gentle heating in nonmetallic glasses the rate of formation is so slow that (C) extremely slowly almost any cooling rate is sufficient to result in an (D) to room temperature amorphous structure. (E) to extremely low temperatures 13. Select the sentence in which the author illustrates the causes of the rate of formation of the crystalline structure. 95 Exercise 17 Volcanic rock that forms as fluid lava chills rapidly is 1. In the passage, the author is primarily interested in called pillow lava. This rapid chi...
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