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(C) stars can be far enough from Earth to be obscured
even by very sparsely distributed matter
(D) interstellar gases can, for all practical purposes, be
regarded as transparent
(E) optical astronomy would be of little use even if no
interstellar dust existed 13 In Hardy‘s novels, various impulses were sacrificed to
each other inevitably and often. Inevitably, because Hardy
did not care in the way that novelists such as
Line Flaubert or James cared, and therefore took paths of least
resistance. Thus, one impulse often surrendered to a
fresher one and, unfortunately, instead of exacting a
compromise, simply disappeared. A desire to throw o ver
reality a light that never was might give way abruptly to
the desire on the part of what we might consider a
10 novelist-scientist to record exactly and concretely the
structure and texture of a flower. In this instance, the new
impulse was at least an energetic one, and thus its
indulgence did not result in a relaxed style. But on other
occasions Hardy abandoned a perilous, risky, and highly
15 energizing impulse in favor of what was for him the
fatally relaxing impulse to classify and schematize
abstractly. When a relaxing impulse was indulged, the
style—that sure index of an author‘s literary worth—was
certain to become verbose. (167 words) 4. The passage supplies information to suggest that
its author would be most likely to agree with
which of the following statements about the
novelists Flaubert and James?
(A) They indulged more impulses in their
novels than did Hardy in his novels.
(B) They have elicited a greater degree of
favorable response from most literary
critics than has Hardy.
(C) In the writing of their novels, they often
took pains to effect a compromise among
their various novelistic impulses.
(D) Regarding novelistic construction, they
cared more about the opinions of other
novelists than about the opinions of
(E) They wrote novels in which the impulse
toward realism and the impulse away
from realism were evident in equal
measure. 3. Which of the following words could best be
substituted for ―relaxed‖ (line 13) without
substantially changing the author‘s meaning?
(E) metaphoric 5. Which of the following statements best describes
the organization of the passage (―Thus…abstractly‖)?
(A) The author makes a disapproving
observation and then presents two cases,
one of which leads to a qualification of
his disapproval and the other of which
(B) The author draws a conclusion from a
previous statement, explains his
conclusion in detail, and then gives a
series of examples that have the effect of
resolving an inconsistency.
(C) The author concedes a point and then
makes a counterargument, using an
extended comparison and contrast that
qualifies his original concession.
(D) The author makes a judgment, points out
an exception to his judgment, and then
contradicts his or...
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- Fall '13