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Unformatted text preview: ssage on the whole, had the deleterious effects that as a whole. some critics had feared. (B) It draws a conclusion concerning the effects
of the mechanization of work which goes 4.It can be inferred front the passage that the author beyond the evidence presented in the passage would consider which of the following to be an indi- as a whole. cation of a fundamental alteration in the conditions (C) It restates the point concerning technology of women's work? made in the sentence i mmediately preceding it. (A) Statistics showing that the majority of women (D) It qualifies the author's agreement with scholars now occupy white-collar positions who argue for a major revision in the assess (B) Interviews with married men indicating that ment of the impact of mechanization on society they are now doing some household tasks (E) It suggests a compromise between two seemingly (C) Surveys of the labor market documenting the contradictory views concerning the effects recent creation of a new class of jobs in electronics of mechanization on society. in which women workers outnumber men four to
(D) Census results showing that working women's
wages and salaries are, on the average, as high as
those of working men
(E) Enrollment figures from universities demonstrating
that increasing numbers of young women are
choosing to continue their education beyond the
undergraduate level 143 Over the last 40 years there has been a great increase not 7. Which of the following, if true. best explains how only in the number of agricultural pesticides in use but also improvements in pesticide use have been in the care and sophistication with which they are used by accompanied by greater losses to certain pests? farmers. Nevertheless, the proportion of agricultural crops (A) Some dangerous but relatively ineffective lost to certain pests worldwide has increased over the same pesticides common 40 years ago are no longer in period, even when the pests concerned have not developed
resistance to existing pesticides. widespread use.
(B) As pesticides have become increasingly pestspecific, controlling certain pests with pesticides
has turned out to cost more in many cases than
the value of crop losses caused by those pests.
(C) Because today's pesticides typically have more
specific application conditions than did
pesticides in use 40 years ago, today's farmers
observe their fields more closely than did farmers
40 years ago.
(D) Certain pest-control methods that some farmers
use today do not involve the use of chemical
pesticides but are just as effective in eliminating
insect pests as those that do.
(E) Forty years ago, much less was known about the
effects of pesticides on humans and other
mammalian species than is now known. 144 Researchers are finding that in many ways an individual 8.It can be inferred from the passage that cell differen - bacterium is more analogous to a component cell of a tiation within Anabaena is regulated by the multicellular organism than it is to a free-living, (A...
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This document was uploaded on 09/16/2013.
- Fall '13