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Unformatted text preview: eas in carnivores the effect is primarily aggression.
For both, arousal attunes the animal to what is ahead.
Perhaps it does not experience forethought as we know it,
but the animal does experience something like it. The
predator is searchingly aggressive, inner-directed, tuned
45 by the nervous system and the adrenal hormones, but
aware in a sense closer to human consciousness than, say,
a hungry lizard ‘s instinctive snap at a passing beetle. Using past events as a framework, the large mammal
predator is working out a relationship between
50 movement and food, sensitive to possibilities in cold
trails and distant sounds—and yesterday‘s unforgotten
lessons. The herbivore prey is of a different mind. Its
mood of wariness rather than searching and its attitude
of general expectancy instead of anticipating are
55 silk-thin veils of tranquility over an explosive endocrine
system. 10 7. The author refers to a hungry lizard (line 47) 9. The author provides information that would primarily in order to answer which of the following questions? (A) demonstrate the similarity between the
hunting methods of mammals and those A
□ Why is an aroused herbivore usually fearful?
□ What are some of the degrees of attention in large of nonmammals
(B) broaden the application of his argument by mammals?
C What occurs when the stimulus that causes arousal of
□ including an insectivore as an example
(C) make a distinction between higher and a mammal is removed? lower levels of consciousness
(D) provide an additional illustration of the 10. According to the passage, as the process of brutality characteristic of predators arousal in an organism continues, all of the (E) offer an objection to suggestions that all following may occur EXCEPT animals lack consciousness (A) the production of adrenaline
(B) the production of norepinephrine 8. It can be inferred from the passage that in (C) a heightening of sensitivity to stimuli animals less intelligent than the mammals (D) an increase in selectivity with respect to stimuli discussed in the passage (E) an expansion of the range of states mediated (A) past experience is less helpful in ensuring survival by the brain stem (B) attention is more highly focused
(C) muscular coordination is less highly developed
(D) there is less need for competition among species
(E) environment is more important in establishing
the proper ratio of prey to predator 11 Gutman‘s examination of the slaves‘ extended kinship 11. According to the passage, all of the following system produces important findings. Gutman discovers are true of the West African rules governing that cousins rarely married, an exogamous tendency that marriage: Line contrasted sharply with the endogamy practiced by the
plantation owners. This preference for exogamy, Gutman A
□ The rules forbade marriages between suggests, may have derived from West African rules 5 close kin.
B The rules were not uniform in all respects
from one West African tribe to another.
□ The r...
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This document was uploaded on 09/16/2013.
- Fall '13