The earths iron fell to its core one problem with the

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Unformatted text preview: gnificant military support for American Revolution. He sees Charles II, the English such a policy. monarch between 1660 and 1685, as the proper successor (473 words) of the Tudor monarchs of the sixteenth century and of Oliver Cromwell, all of whom were bent on extending centralized executive power over England‘s possessions through the use of what Webb calls ―garrison government.‖Garrison government allowed the colonists a legislative assembly but real authority, in Webb ‘s view, belonged to the colonial governor, who was appointed by the king and supported by the ―garrison,‖ that is, by the local contingent of English troops under the colonial governor‘s command. According to Webb, the purpose of garrison government was to provide military support for a royal policy designed to limit the power of the upper classes in the American colonies. Webb argues that the colonial legislative assemblies represented the interests not of the common people but of the colonial upper classes, a coalition of merchants and nobility who favored self -rule and sought to elevate legislative authority at the expense of the executive. It was, according to Webb, the colonial governors who favored the small farmer, opposed the plantation system, and tried through taxation to break up large holdings of land. Backed by the military presence of the garrison, these governors tried to prevent the gentry and merchants, allied in the colonial assemblies, from transforming colonial America into a capitalisti c oligarchy. Webb‘s study illuminates the political alignments that existed in the colonies in the century prior to the American Revolution, but his view of the crown‘s use of the military as an instrument of colonial policy is not entirely convincing. England during the seventeenth century was not noted for its military achievements. Cromwell did mount England‘s most ambitious overseas military 102 4. The p assage can best be described as a 6. According to the passage, Webb views Charles II as the ―proper successor‖ (in the first paragraph) of the (A) survey of the inadequacies of a conventional viewpoint Tudor monarchs and Cromwell because Charles II (B) reconciliation of opposing points of view (A) used colonial tax revenues to fund overseas (C) summary and evaluation of a recent study military expeditions (D) defense of a new thesis from anticipated (B) used the military to extend executive power objections over the English colonies (E) review of the subtle distinctions between (C) wished to transform the American colonies into apparently similar views capitalistic oligarchies (D) resisted the English Parliament‘s efforts to exert 5. The passage suggests that the long-standing view control over the military referred to in the first paragraph argued that (E) allowed the American colonists to use legislative (A) the colonial governors were sympathetic to the assemblies as a forum for resolving demands of the common people grievances against the cro...
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This document was uploaded on 09/16/2013.

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