文勇的新托福黄金&ccedil

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Unformatted text preview: spread out Hawaii, Easter Island, and New Zealand mark the boundaries of Polynesia. Melanesia is situated to the north of Micronesia. Paragraph2: Speculation on the origin of these Pacific islanders began as soon as outsiders encountered them, in the absence of solid linguistic, archaeological, and biological data, many fanciful and mutually exclusive theories were devised. Pacific islanders ere variously thought to have come from North America, South America, Egypt, Israel, and India, as well as Southeast Asia. Many older theories implicitly deprecated the navigational abilities and overall cultural creativity of the Pacific islanders. For example, British anthropologists G. Elliot Smith and W. J. Perry assumed that only Egyptians would have been skilled enough to navigate and colonize the Pacific. They inferred that the Egyptians even crossed the Pacific to found the great civilizations of the New World (North and South America). In1947 Norwegian adventurer Thor Heyerdahl drifted on a balsa­log raft westward with the winds and currents across the Pacific from South America to prove his theory that Pacific islanders were Native Americans (also called American Indians). Later Heyerdahl suggested that the Pacific was peopled by three migrations: by Native Americans from the Pacific Northwest of North America drifting to Hawaii, by Peruvians drifting to Easter Island, and by Melanesians. In 1969 he crossed the Atlantic in an Egyptian style reed boat to prove Egyptian influences in the Americas. Contrary to these theorists, the overwhelming evidence of physical anthropology, linguistics, and archaeology shows that the Pacific islanders came from Southeast Asia and were skilled enough as navigators to sail against the prevailing winds and currents. 2. By stating that the theories are mutually exclusive the author means that if one of the theories is true, then all the others must be false the differences between the theories are unimportant taken together, the theories cover all possibilities the theories support each other 3. The word overwhelming in the passage is closest in meaning to powerful favorable current reasonable 189 Mail@liuwenyong.com 在在在在在在 www.liuwenyong.com 在在在在在在在在在在在在在在在,在在在在在在在在在在 4. According to Paragraph2, which of the following led some early researchers to believe that the Pacific islanders originally came from Egypt? Egyptians were known to have founded other great civilizations. Sailors from other parts of the world were believed to lack the skills needed to travel across the ocean. Linguistic, archaeological, and biological data connected the islands to Egypt. Egyptian accounts claimed responsibility for colonizing the Pacific as well as the Americas. 5. Which of the following can be inferred from Paragraph2 about early theories of where the first inhabitants of the Pacific islands came from? They were generally based on solid evidence. They tried to account for...
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