文勇的新托福黄金&ccedil

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Unformatted text preview: , in a sense: sees us as " steam engines." By holding in rather than venting "steam," we set the stage for future explosions. Pent­up aggressive impulses demand 39 Mail@liuwenyong.com 在在在在在在 www.liuwenyong.com 在在在在在在在在在在在在在在在,在在在在在在在在在在 outlets. They may be expressed toward parents in indirect ways such as destroying furniture, or they may be expressed toward strangers later in life. 3. The word inevitable in the passage is closest in meaning to ○Unavoidable ○Regrettable ○Controllable ○Unsuitable 4. The word gratify in the passage is closest in meaning to ○Identify ○Modify ○Satisfy ○Simplify 5. The word they in the passage refers to ○Future explosions ○Pent­up aggressive impulses ○Outlets ○Indirect ways 6. According to paragraph 5, Freud believed that children experience conflict between a desire to vent aggression on their parents and ○A frustration that their parents do not give them everything they want ○A fear that their parents will punish them and stop loving them ○A desire to take care of their parents ○A desire to vent aggression on other family members 7. Freud describes people as steam engines in order to make the point that people ○Deliberately build up their aggression to make themselves stronger ○Usually release aggression in explosive ways ○Must vent their aggression to prevent it from building up ○Typically lose their aggression if they do not express it Paragraph 7: The Cognitive Approach. Cognitive psychologists assert that our behavior is influenced by our values, by the ways in which we interpret our situations and by choice. For example, people who believe that aggression is necessary and justified­as during wartime­are likely to act aggressively, whereas people who believe that a particular war or act of aggression is unjust, or who think that aggression is never justified, are less likely to behave aggressively. Paragraph 8: One cognitive theory suggests that aggravating and painful events trigger unpleasant feelings. These feelings, in turn, can lead to aggressive action, but not automatically. Cognitive factors intervene. People decide whether they will act aggressively or not on the basis of factors such as their experiences with aggression and their interpretation of other people's motives. Supporting evidence comes from research showing that aggressive people often distort other people's motives. For example, they assume that other people mean them harm when they do not. 40 Mail@liuwenyong.com 在在在在在在 www.liuwenyong.com 在在在在在在在在在在在在在在在,在在在在在在在在在在 8. Which of the sentences below best expresses the essential information in the highlighted sentence in the passage? Incorrect answer choices change the meaning in important ways or leave out essential information. ○People who believe that they are fighting a just war act aggressively while those who believe that they are fighting an unjust war do not. ○People who believe that aggression is necessary and justified are more likely to act aggressively than those who believe differently....
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