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Unformatted text preview: essential information. ○ Righthanded artists could more easily have avoided casting shadows on their work, because engravings in prehistoric caves were lit from the left. ○ The tips of engraving tools and brushes indicate that these instruments were used by righthanded artists whose work was lit from the left. ○ The best lighting for most engravings suggests that they were made by righthanded people trying to avoid the shadow of their hands interfering with their work. ○ Righthanded artists try to avoid having the brush they are using interfere with the light source.
Paragraph 1 在 We all know that many more people today are righthanded than lefthanded. Can one trace this 348
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same pattern far back in prehistory? Much of the evidence about righthand versus lefthand dominance comes from stencils and prints found in rock shelters in Australia and elsewhere, and in many Ice Age caves in France, Spain, and Tasmania. When a left hand has been stenciled, this implies that the artist was righthanded, and vice versa. Even though the paint was often sprayed on by mouth, one can assume that the dominant hand assisted in the operation. One also has to make the assumption that hands were stenciled palm downward—a left hand stenciled palm upward might of course look as if it were a right hand. Of 158 stencils in the French cave of Gargas, 136 have been identified as left, and only 22 as right; righthandedness was therefore heavily predominant.
Paragraph 2 在 Cave art furnishes other types of evidence of this phenomenon. Most engravings, for example, are best lit from the left, as befits the work of righthanded artists, who generally prefer to have the light source on the left so that the shadow of their hand does not fall on the tip of the engraving tool or brush. In the few cases where an Ice Age figure is depicted holding something, it is mostly, though not always, in the right hand.
5. All of the following are mentioned in paragraphs 1 and 2 as evidence of righthandedness in art and artists EXCEPT ○ the ideal source of lighting for most engravings
○ the fact that a left hand stenciled palm upward might look like a right hand
○ the prevalence of outlines of left hands
○ figures in prehistoric art holding objects with the right hand
Paragraph 3 在 Clues to righthandedness can also be found by other methods. Righthanders tend to have longer, stronger, and more muscular bones on the right side, and Marcellin Boule as long ago as 1911 noted the La Chapel leauxSaints Neanderthal skeleton had a right upper arm bone that was noticeably stronger than the left. Similar observations have been made on other Neanderthal skeletons such as La Ferrassie I and Neanderthal itself.
6. According to paragraph 3, the La ChapelleauxSaints Neanderthal skeleton can be identified as right
handed because ○ other Neandert...
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This note was uploaded on 09/17/2013 for the course LANGUAGE 13DL208 taught by Professor Wang during the Fall '13 term at East China Normal University.
- Fall '13