文勇的新托福黄金&ccedil

indiacompany

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: essential information. ○ Right­handed artists could more easily have avoided casting shadows on their work, because engravings in prehistoric caves were lit from the left. ○ The tips of engraving tools and brushes indicate that these instruments were used by right­handed artists whose work was lit from the left. ○ The best lighting for most engravings suggests that they were made by right­handed people trying to avoid the shadow of their hands interfering with their work. ○ Right­handed artists try to avoid having the brush they are using interfere with the light source. Paragraph 1 在 We all know that many more people today are right­handed than left­handed. Can one trace this 348 [email protected] 在在在在在在 www.liuwenyong.com 在在在在在在在在在在在在在在在,在在在在在在在在在在 same pattern far back in prehistory? Much of the evidence about right­hand versus left­hand dominance comes from stencils and prints found in rock shelters in Australia and elsewhere, and in many Ice Age caves in France, Spain, and Tasmania. When a left hand has been stenciled, this implies that the artist was right­handed, and vice versa. Even though the paint was often sprayed on by mouth, one can assume that the dominant hand assisted in the operation. One also has to make the assumption that hands were stenciled palm downward—a left hand stenciled palm upward might of course look as if it were a right hand. Of 158 stencils in the French cave of Gargas, 136 have been identified as left, and only 22 as right; right­handedness was therefore heavily predominant. Paragraph 2 在 Cave art furnishes other types of evidence of this phenomenon. Most engravings, for example, are best lit from the left, as befits the work of right­handed artists, who generally prefer to have the light source on the left so that the shadow of their hand does not fall on the tip of the engraving tool or brush. In the few cases where an Ice Age figure is depicted holding something, it is mostly, though not always, in the right hand. 5. All of the following are mentioned in paragraphs 1 and 2 as evidence of right­handedness in art and artists EXCEPT ○ the ideal source of lighting for most engravings ○ the fact that a left hand stenciled palm upward might look like a right hand ○ the prevalence of outlines of left hands ○ figures in prehistoric art holding objects with the right hand Paragraph 3 在 Clues to right­handedness can also be found by other methods. Right­handers tend to have longer, stronger, and more muscular bones on the right side, and Marcellin Boule as long ago as 1911 noted the La Chapel le­aux­Saints Neanderthal skeleton had a right upper arm bone that was noticeably stronger than the left. Similar observations have been made on other Neanderthal skeletons such as La Ferrassie I and Neanderthal itself. 6. According to paragraph 3, the La Chapelle­aux­Saints Neanderthal skeleton can be identified as right­ handed because ○ other Neandert...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 09/17/2013 for the course LANGUAGE 13DL208 taught by Professor Wang during the Fall '13 term at East China Normal University.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online