文勇的新托福黄金&ccedil

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Unformatted text preview: ork was organized; it transformed the very nature of work. 3. The word disrupted in the passage is closest in meaning to ○Prolonged ○Established 48 [email protected] 在在在在在在 www.liuwenyong.com 在在在在在在在在在在在在在在在,在在在在在在在在在在 ○Followed ○Upset Paragraph 4: The first generation to experience these changes did not adopt the new attitudes easily. The factory clock became the symbol of the new work rules. One mill worker who finally quit complained revealingly about "obedience to the ding­dong of the bell­just as though we are so many living machines." With the loss of personal freedom also came the loss of standing in the community. Unlike artisan workshops in which apprentices worked closely with the masters supervising them, factories sharply separated workers from management. Few workers rose through the ranks to supervisory positions, and even fewer could achieve the artisan's dream of setting up one's own business. Even well­paid workers sensed their decline in status. 4. In paragraph 4, the author includes the quotation from a mill worker in order to ○Support the idea that it was difficult for workers to adjust to working in factories ○To show that workers sometimes quit because of the loud noise made by factory machinery ○Argue that clocks did not have a useful function in factories ○Emphasize that factories were most successful when workers revealed their complaints 5. All of the following are mentioned in paragraph 4 as consequences of the new system for workers EXCEPT a loss of ○Freedom ○Status in the community ○Opportunities for advancement ○Contact among workers who were not managers Paragraph 5: In this newly emerging economic order, workers sometimes organized to protect their rights and traditional ways of life. Craft workers such as carpenters, printers, and tailors formed unions, and in 1834 individual unions came together in the National Trades' Union. The labor movement gathered some momentum in the decade before the Panic of 1837, but in the depression that followed, labor's strength collapsed. During hard times, few workers were willing to strike* or engage in collective action. And skilled craft workers, who spearheaded the union movement, did not feel a particularly strong bond with semiskilled factory workers and unskilled laborers. More than a decade of agitation did finally bring a workday shortened to 10 hours to most industries by the 1850’s, and the courts also recognized workers' right to strike, but these gains had little immediate impact. 6. The phrase gathered some momentum in the passage is closest in meaning to ○Made progress ○Became active ○Caused changes ○Combined forces 7. The word spearheaded in the passage is closest in meaning to ○Led ○Accepted ○Changed ○Resisted 8. Which of the following statements about the labor movement of the 1800's is supported by paragraph 5? 49 [email protected] 在在在在在在 w...
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This note was uploaded on 09/17/2013 for the course LANGUAGE 13DL208 taught by Professor Wang during the Fall '13 term at East China Normal University.

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