文勇的新托福黄金&ccedil

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Unformatted text preview: introductory sentence for a brief summary of the passage is provided below. Complete the summary by selecting the THREE answer choices that express the most important ideas in the passage. Some sentences do not belong in the summary because they express ideas that are not presented in the passage or are minor ideas in the passage. This question is worth 2 points. Psychological research seems to confirm that people associate particular facial expressions with the same emotions across cultures. ● ● 76 [email protected] 在在在在在在 www.liuwenyong.com 在在在在在在在在在在在在在在在,在在在在在在在在在在 ● Answer Choices ○Artificially producing the Duchenne smile can cause a person to have pleasant feelings. ○Facial expressions and emotional states interact with each other through a variety of feedback mechanisms. ○People commonly believe that they can control their facial expressions so that their true emotions remain hidden. ○A person's facial expression may reflect the person's emotional state. ○Ekman argued that the ability to accurately recognize the emotional content of facial expressions was valuable for human beings. ○Facial expressions that occur as a result of an individual's emotional state may themselves feed back information that influences the person's emotions. 77 [email protected] 在在在在在在 www.liuwenyong.com 在在在在在在在在在在在在在在在,在在在在在在在在在在 在在在在在 1. ○ 2 This is a Vocabulary question. The word being tested is despondent. It is highlighted in the passage. The correct answer is choice 2, "unhappy." The sentence in which the highlighted word appears uses despondent as a contrast to happy. Since unhappy is the opposite of happy, it provides the fullest possible contrast and is equivalent to the contrast between Joy and sadness at the beginning of the sentence. 2. ○ 3 This is a Rhetorical Purpose question. It is asking you why the author mentions "baring the teeth in a hostile way" in the passage. This phrase is highlighted in the passage. The correct answer is choice 3; baring the teeth is an example of a facial expression whose meaning is widely understood. The central theme of paragraph 1 of the passage is facial expressions that are universal. The author provides various examples of such expressions, and baring the teeth is mentioned as a universal sign of anger. The other choices are all mentioned in the passage, but not in conjunction with baring the teeth, so they are all incorrect. 3. ○ 2 This is a Vocabulary question. The word being tested is concur. It is highlighted in the passage. The correct answer is choice 2, "agree." Concur means to agree, so if investigators concur about the meaning of certain facial expressions, they agree on their meaning. 4. ○ 3 This is a Reference question. The word being tested is them, and it is highlighted in the passage. This is a simple pronoun­referent item. The word them refers to the photographs that Paul Eckman showed to people from diverse cultures, so the correct an...
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This note was uploaded on 09/17/2013 for the course LANGUAGE 13DL208 taught by Professor Wang during the Fall '13 term at East China Normal University.

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