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○running away from
12. Paragraph 6 mentions all of the following as possible causes of the “Bantu explosion” EXCEPT ○superior weapons
○better hunting skills
Paragraph 6: The diffusion of agriculture and later of iron was accompanied by a great movement of people who may have carried these innovations. These people probably originated in eastern Nigeria. ■Their migration may have been set in motion by an increase in population caused by a movement of peoples fleeing the desiccation, or drying up, of the Sahara. ■They spoke a language, priorBantu (“Bantu” means “the people”), which is the parent tongue of a language of a large number of Bantu languages still spoken throughout subSahara Africa. Why and how these people spread out into central and southern Africa remains a mystery, but archaeologists believe that their iron weapons allowed them to conquer their huntinggathering opponents, who still used stone implements. ■Still, the process is uncertain, and peaceful migration—or simply rapid demographic growth—may have also caused the Bantu explosion. ■ 13. Look at the four squares ■ that indicate where the following sentence could be added to the passage. These people had a significant linguistic impact on the continent as well.
Where would the sentence best fit?
14. Direction: An introductory sentence for a brief summary of the passage is provided below. Complete the summary by selecting the THREE answer choices that express the most important ideas in the passage. Some sentences do not belong in the summary because they express ideas that are not presented in the passage or are minor ideas in the passage. This question is worth 2 points.
Agriculture and iron working probably spread to Africa from neighboring regions.
Answer choices ○Once Africans developed their own crops, they no longer borrowed from other regions.
○The harshness of the African climate meant that agriculture could not develop until after the introduction of iron tools.
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○The use of livestock improved transportation and trade and allowed for new forms of political control. ○As the Sahara expanded, the camel gained in importance, eventually coming to have religious significance.
○The spread of iron working had farreaching effects on social, economic, and political organization in Africa.
○Today's Bantuspeaking peoples are descended from a technologically advanced people who spread throughout Africa. 240
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14. ○3 , 5, 6 241
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This note was uploaded on 09/17/2013 for the course LANGUAGE 13DL208 taught by Professor Wang during the Fall '13 term at East China Normal University.
- Fall '13