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Unformatted text preview: ns, Micronesians, and many Melanesians speak Austronesian languages and grow crops derived from Southeast Asia, all these peoples most certainly derived from that region and not the New World or elsewhere. The undisputed pre
Columbian presence in Oceania of the sweet potato, which is a New World domesticate, has sometimes been used to support Heyerdahl’s “American Indians in the Pacific” theories. However, this is one plant out of a long list of Southeast Asian domesticates. As Patrick Kirch, an American anthropologist, points out, rather than being brought by rafting South Americans, sweet potatoes might just have easily been brought back by returning Polynesian navigators who could have reached the west coast of South America. 9. Which of the sentences below best expresses the essential information in the highlighted sentence in the passage? Incorrect choices change the meaning in important ways or leave out essential information.
Some people have argued that the Pacific was settled by traders who became lost while transporting domesticated plants and animals.
The original Polynesian settlers were probably marooned on the islands, but they may have been joined later by carefully prepared colonization expeditions.
Although it seems reasonable to believe that colonization expeditions would set out fully stocked, this is contradicted by much of the evidence.
The settlement of the Pacific islands was probably intentional and well planned rather than accidental as some people have proposed. 10. The word undisputed in the passage is closest in meaning to
significant 11. According to Paragraph4, which of the following is NOT an explanation for why a group of people might have wanted to colonize the Pacific islands?
As their numbers increased, they needed additional territory.
The winds and currents made the islands easy to reach.
The political situation at home made emigration desirable,
They found exploration challenging and exciting. 12. Why does the author mention the views of “Patrick Kirch”?
To present evidence in favor of Heyerdahl’s idea about American Indians reaching Oceania
To emphasize the familiarity of Pacific islanders with crops from many different regions of the world
To indicate that supposed proof for Heyerdahl’s theory has an alternative explanation.
To demonstrate that some of the same crops were cultivated in both South America and Oceania. 191
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Paragraph2: Speculation on the origin of these Pacific islanders began as soon as outsiders encountered them, in the absence of solid linguistic, archaeological, and biological data, many fanciful and mutually exclusive theories were devised. Pacific islanders ere variously thought to have come from North America, South America, Egypt, Israel, and India, as well as Southeast Asia. ■ Many older theories implicitly deprecated th...
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This note was uploaded on 09/17/2013 for the course LANGUAGE 13DL208 taught by Professor Wang during the Fall '13 term at East China Normal University.
- Fall '13