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Unformatted text preview: to encode many experiences within such knowledge structures在
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These three explanations of infantile amnesia are not mutually exclusive 在 indeed, they support each other. Physiological immaturity may be part of why infants and toddlers do not form extremely enduring memories, even when they hear stories that promote such remembering in preschoolers. Hearing the stories may lead preschoolers to encode aspects of events that allow them to form memories they can access as adults 在Conversely在improved encoding of what they hear may help them better understand and remember stories and thus make the stories more useful for remembering future events. Thus, all three explanations physiological maturation, hearing and producing stories about past events 在 and improved encoding of key aspects of eventsseem likely to be involved in overcoming Infantile amnesia在 Paragraph 2: How might this inability to recall early experiences be explained? The sheer passage of time does not account for it; adults have excellent recognition of pictures of people who attended high school with them 35 years earlier. Another seemingly plausible explanationthat infants do not form enduring memories at this point in developmentalso is incorrect. Children two and a half to three years old remember experiences that occurred in their first year, and eleven month olds remember some events a year later. Nor does the hypothesis that infantile amnesia reflects repressionor holding back—of sexually charged episodes explain the phenomenon在While such repression may occur在people cannot remember ordinary events from the infant and toddler periods either 在
1. What purpose does paragraph 2 serve in the larger discussion of children’s inability to recall early experiences? ○To argue that the ones that are not substantiated by evidence should generally be considered unreliable
○To argue that the hypotheses mentioned in paragraph 2 have been more thoroughly researched than have the theories mentioned later in the passage ○To explain why some theories about infantile amnesia are wrong before presenting ones more likely to be true
○To explain why infantile amnesia is of great interest to researchers
2. The word plausible in the passage is closest in meaning to ○flexible
3. The word phenomenon in the passage is closest in meaning to ○exception
4.All of the following theories about the inability to recall early experiences are rejected in paragraph 2 EXCEPT 在 ○The ability to recall an event decreases as the time after the event increases在
○Young children are not capable of forming memories that last for more than a short time 在
○People may hold back sexually meaningful memories在
○Most events in childhood are too ordinary...
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This note was uploaded on 09/17/2013 for the course LANGUAGE 13DL208 taught by Professor Wang during the Fall '13 term at East China Normal University.
- Fall '13