文勇的新托福黄金&ccedil

mayhavecarriedtheseinnovationsthesepeopleprobablyorig

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Unformatted text preview: flections about teaching 5. According to paragraph 2, Wildman and Niles worried that the teachers they were working with might feel that 272 Mail@liuwenyong.com 在在在在在在 www.liuwenyong.com 在在在在在在在在在在在在在在在,在在在在在在在在在在 ○the number of teachers involved in their program was too large ○the concepts of teacher reflection were so abstract that they could not be applied ○the ideas involved in reflection were actually not new and refreshing ○several years would be needed to acquire the habit of reflecting on their teaching Paragraph 3: Wildman and Niles observed that systematic reflection on teaching required a sound ability to understand classroom events in an objective manner. They describe the initial understanding in the teachers with whom they were working as being "utilitarian...and not rich or detailed enough to drive systematic reflection." Teachers rarely have the time or opportunities to view their own or the teaching of others in an objective manner. Further observation revealed the tendency of teachers to evaluate events rather than review the contributory factors in a considered manner by, in effect, standing outside the situation. 6. The word objective in the passage is closest in meaning to ○unbiased ○positive ○systematic ○thorough 7. According to paragraph 3, what did the teachers working with Wildman and Niles often fail to do when they attempted to practice reflection? ○Correctly calculate the amount of time needed for reflection ○Provide sufficiently detailed descriptions of the methods they used to help them reflect ○Examine thoughtfully the possible causes of events in their classrooms ○Establish realistic goals for themselves in practicing reflection Paragraph 4: Helping this group of teachers to revise their thinking about classroom events became central. This process took time and patience and effective trainers. The researchers estimate that the initial training of the same teachers to view events objectively took between 20 and 30 hours, with the same number of hours again being required to practice the skills of reflection. 8. How is paragraph 4 related to other aspects of the discussion of reflection in the passage? ○It describes and comments on steps taken to overcome problems identified earlier in the passage ○It challenges the earlier claim that teachers rarely have the time to think about their own or others' teaching ○It identifies advantages gained by teachers who followed the training program described earlier in the passage ○It explains the process used to define the principles discussed later in the passage Paragraph 5: Wildman and Niles identify three principles that facilitate reflective practice in a teaching situation. The first is support from administrators in an education system, enabling teachers to understand the requirements of reflective practice and how it relates to teaching students. The second is the availa...
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This note was uploaded on 09/17/2013 for the course LANGUAGE 13DL208 taught by Professor Wang during the Fall '13 term at East China Normal University.

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