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8. Paragraph 4 indicates that some historians admire Roman civilization because of ○the diversity of cultures within Roman society
○its innovative nature
○the large body of literature that it developed
9. In paragraph 4, the author develops a description of Roman civilization by ○comparing the opinions of Roman intellectuals to Greek intellectuals
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○identifying which characteristics of roman civilization were copied from Greece ○explaining how the differences between Roman and Greece developed as time passed
○contrasting characteristics of Roman civilization with characteristics of Greek civilization
10. According to paragraph 4, intellectual Romans such as Horace held which of the following opinions about their civilization? ○Ancient works of Greece held little value in the Roman world.
○The Greek civilization had been surpassed by the Romans.
○Roman civilization produced little that was original or memorable.
○Romans valued certain types of innovations that had been ignored by ancient Greeks.
Paragraph 5: Rome’s debt to Greece was enormous. The Romans adopted Greek religion and moral philosophy. In literature, Greek writers were consciously used as models by their Latin successors. It was absolutely accepted that an educated Roman should be fluent in Greek. In speculative philosophy and the sciences, the Romans made virtually no advance on early achievements.
Paragraph 6: Yet it would be wrong to suggest that Rome was somehow a junior partner in GrecoRoman civilization. The Roman genius was projected into new spheres—especially into those of law, military organization, administration, and engineering. Moreover, the tensionsthat arose within the Roman state produced literary and artistic sensibilities of the highest order. It was no accident that many leading Roman soldiers and statesmen were writers of high caliber. 11. The word “spheres” in the passage is closest in meaning to ○abilities
12. Which of the following statements about leading Roman soldiers and statesmen is supported by paragraphs 5 and 6? ○They could read and write the Greek language.
○They frequently wrote poetry and plays.
○They focused their writing on military matters.
○They wrote according to the philosophical laws of the Greeks.
Paragraph 4 Modern attitudes to Roman civilization range from the infinitely impressed to the thorough disgusted. ■As always, there are the power worshippers, especially among historians, who are predisposed to admire whatever is strong, who feel more attracted to the might of Rome than to the subtlety of Greece. ■At the same time, there is a solid body of opinion that dislikes Rome. ■For many, Rome is at best the imitator and the continuator of Greece on a larger scale. ■Greek civilization had q...
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This note was uploaded on 09/17/2013 for the course LANGUAGE 13DL208 taught by Professor Wang during the Fall '13 term at East China Normal University.
- Fall '13