文勇的新托福黄金&ccedil

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Unformatted text preview: us and secular contexts. The imperial court commissioned work and in the Yuan dynasty (A.D. 1279­1368) an imperial ceramic factory was established at Jingdezhen. Pots played an important part in some religious ceremonies. Long and often lyrical descriptions of the different types of ware exist that assist in classifying pots, although these sometimes confuse an already large and complicated picture. 12. The word these in the passage refers to ○ religious ceremonies ○ descriptions ○ types of ware ○ pots Paragraph 4 在 Trade between the West and the settled and prosperous Chinese dynasties introduced new forms and different technologies. One of the most far­reaching examples is the impact of the fine ninth­century AD. Chinese porcelain wares imported into the Arab world. ■So admired were these pieces that they encouraged the development of earthenware made in imitation of porcelain and instigated research into the method of their manufacture. ■From the Middle East the Chinese acquired a blue pigment—a purified form of cobalt oxide unobtainable at that time in China—that contained only a low level of manganese. Cobalt ores found in China have a high manganese content, which produces a more muted blue­gray color. ■In the seventeenth century, the trading activities of the Dutch East India Company resulted in vast quantities of decorated Chinese porcelain being 308 Mail@liuwenyong.com 在在在在在在 www.liuwenyong.com 在在在在在在在在在在在在在在在,在在在在在在在在在在 brought to Europe, which stimulated and influenced the work of a wide variety of wares, notably Delft. ■The Chinese themselves adapted many specific vessel forms from the West, such as bottles with long spouts, and designed a range of decorative patterns especially for the European market. 13. Look at the four squares [■]that indicate where the following sentence could be added to the passage. Foreign trade was also responsible for certain innovations in coloring. Where could the sentence best fit? 14 在 Directions: An introductory sentence for a brief summary of the passage is provided below. Complete the summary by selecting the THREE answer that express the most important ideas in the passage. Some sentences do not belong in the summary because they express ideas that not presented in the passage or are minor ideas in the passage. This question is worth 2 points. Ceramics have been produced in China for a very long time. ● ● ● Answer choices ○ The Chinese produced earthenware, stoneware, and porcelain pottery and they used their ceramics for a variety of utilitarian, architectural, and ceremonial purposes. ○ The shape and decoration of ceramics produced for religious use in China were influenced by Chinese ceramics produced for export. ○ As a result of trade relations. Chinese ceramic production changed and Chinese influenced the ceramics production of other countries ○ Chinese burial ceramics have the longest and...
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This note was uploaded on 09/17/2013 for the course LANGUAGE 13DL208 taught by Professor Wang during the Fall '13 term at East China Normal University.

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