文勇的新托福黄金&ccedil

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Unformatted text preview: een enough exploration of why teachers practice reflection as a habit with or without external motivation Paragraph 4: Helping this group of teachers to revise their thinking about classroom events be came central. ■This process took time and patience and effective trainers. ■The researchers estimate that the initial training of the same teachers to view events objectively took between 20 and 30 hours, with the same number of hours again being required to practice the skills of reflection. Paragraph 5: ■Wildman and Niles identify three principles that facilitate reflective practice in a teaching situation. ■The first is support from administrators in an education system, enabling teachers to understand the requirements of reflective practice and how it relates to teaching students. The second is the availability of sufficient time and space. The teachers in the program described how they found it difficult to put aside the immediate demands of others in order to give themselves the time they needed to develop their reflective skills. The third is the development of a collaborative environment with support from other teachers. Support and encouragement were also required to help teachers in the program cope with aspects of their professional life with which they were not 274 Mail@liuwenyong.com 在在在在在在 www.liuwenyong.com 在在在在在在在在在在在在在在在,在在在在在在在在在在 comfortable. Wildman and Niles make a summary comment: "Perhaps the most important thing we learned is the idea of the teacher­as­reflective­practitioner will not happen simply because it is a good or even compelling idea." 12. Look at the four squares [■] that indicate where the following sentence could be added to the passage. However, changing teachers’ thinking about reflection will not succeed unless there is support for reflection in the teaching environment. Where could the sentence best fit? 13. Directions: An introductory sentence for a brief summary of the passage is provided below. Complete the summary by selecting the THREE answer choices that express the most important ideas in the passage. Some answer choices do not belong in the summary because they express ideas that are not presented in the passage or are minor ideas in the passage. This question is worth 2 points. Wildman and Niles have conducted research on reflection in teaching ● ● ● Answer Choices ○Through their work with Virginia teachers, Wildman and Niles proved conclusively that reflection, though difficult, benefits both teachers and students. ○Wildman and Niles found that considerable training and practice are required to understand classroom events and develop the skills involved in reflection. ○Wildman and Niles identified three principles that teachers can use to help themselves cope with problems that may arise as a result of reflection. ○Wildman and Niles concluded that teachers need sufficient resources as well as the cooperation and encouragement of ot...
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