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Unformatted text preview: adition of religious sculpture extends over most historical periods but is less clearly delineated than that of stonewares or porcelains, for it embraces the old custom of earthenware burial ceramics with later religious images and architectural ornament. Ceramic products also include leadglazed tomb models of the Han dynasty, threecolor leadglazed vessels and figures of the Tang dynasty, and Ming threecolor temple ornaments, in which the motifs were outlined in a raised trail of slip as well as the many burial ceramics produced in imitation of vessels made in materials of higher intrinsic value.
3. The word evolve in the passage is closest in meaning to ○ divided
4. Which of the sentences below best expresses the essential information in the highlighted sentence in the passage? Incorrect choices change the meaning in important ways or leave out essential information. ○ While stonewares and porcelains are found throughout most historical periods, religious sculpture is limited to 306
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the ancient period. ○ Religious sculpture was created in most periods, but its history is less clear than that of stonewares or porcelains because some old forms continued to be used even when new ones were developed. ○ While stonewares and porcelains changed throughout history, religious sculpture remained uniform in form and use. ○ The historical development of religious sculpture is relatively unclear because religious sculptures sometimes resemble earthenware architectural ornaments.
5. Paragraph 3 supports all of the following concerning the history of the ceramic industry in China EXCEPT: ○ The earliest highfired ceramics were of poor quality.
○ Ceramics produced during the Tang and Ming dynasties sometimes incorporated multiple colors.
○ Earthenware ceramics were produced in China before stonewares were.
○ The Song dynasty period was notable for the production of high quality porcelain ceramics.
Paragraph 4 在 Trade between the West and the settled and prosperous Chinese dynasties introduced new forms and different technologies. One of the most farreaching examples is the impact of the fine ninthcentury AD. Chinese porcelain wares imported into the Arab world. So admired were these pieces that they encouraged the development of earthenware made in imitation of porcelain and instigated research into the method of their manufacture. From the Middle East the Chinese acquired a blue pigment—a purified form of cobalt oxide unobtainable at that time in China—that contained only a low level of manganese. Cobalt ores found in China have a high manganese content, which produces a more muted bluegray color. In the seventeenth century, the trading activities of the Dutch East India Company resulted in vast quantities of decorated Chinese porcelain being broug...
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- Fall '13