文勇的新托福黄金&ccedil

Caledonianswere400million

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Unformatted text preview: ers from the rest of society ○The separation of myths from rites ○The celebration of supernatural forces 6. The word “autonomous” in the passage is closest in meaning to ○Artistic ○Important ○Independent ○Established 7. According to paragraph 2, what may cause societies to abandon certain rites? ○Emphasizing theater as entertainment ○Developing a new understanding of why events occur. ○Finding a more sophisticated way of representing mythical characters ○Moving from a primarily oral tradition to a more written tradition Paragraph 5: In addition to exploring the possible antecedents of theater, scholars have also theorized about the motives that led people to develop theater. Why did theater develop, and why was it valued after it ceased to fulfill the function of ritual? Most answers fall back on the theories about the human mind and basic human needs. One, set forth by Aristotle in the fourth century B.C., sees humans as naturally imitative—as taking pleasure in imitating persons, things, and actions and in seeing such imitations. Another, advanced in the twentieth century, suggests that humans have a gift for fantasy, through which they seek to reshape reality into more satisfying forms than those encountered in daily life. Thus, fantasy or fiction (of which drama is one form) permits people to objectify their anxieties and fears, confront them, and fulfill their hopes in fiction if not fact. The theater, then, is one tool whereby people define and understand their world or escape from unpleasant realities. 8. All of following are mentioned in paragraph 5 as possible reasons that led societies to develop theater EXCEPT: ○Theater allows people to face that they are afraid of. ○Theater gives an opportunity to imagine a better reality. ○Theater is a way to enjoy imitating other people. ○Theater provides people the opportunity to better understand the human mind. 9. Which of the following best describes the organization of paragraph 5? ○The author presents two theories for a historical phenomenon. ○The author argues against theories expressed earlier in the passage. ○The author argues for replacing older theories with a new one. ○The author points out problems with two popular theories. Paragraph 6: But neither the human imitative instinct nor a penchant for fantasy by itself leads to an autonomous theater. Therefore, additional explanations are needed. One necessary condition seems to be a 100 Mail@liuwenyong.com 在在在在在在 www.liuwenyong.com 在在在在在在在在在在在在在在在,在在在在在在在在在在 somewhat detached view of human problems. For example, one sign of this condition is the appearance of the comic vision, since comedy requires sufficient detachment to view some deviations from social norms as ridiculous rather than as serious threats to the welfare of the entire group. Another condition that contributes to the development of autonomous theater is the emergence of the aesthetic sense. For example, some early societies ceased to consider...
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