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Unformatted text preview: to be worth remembering在
Paragraph 3: Three other explanations seem more promising 在 0ne involves physiological changes relevant to memory. Maturation of the frontal lobes of the brain continues throughout early childhood 在And this part of the brain 216
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may be critical for remembering particular episodes in ways that can be retrieved later. Demonstrations of infants’ and toddlers' longterm memory have involved their repeating motor activities that they had seen or done earlier在such as reaching in the dark for objects, putting a bottle in a doll’s mouth, or pulling apart two pieces of a toy. The brain’s level of physiological maturation may support these types of memories 在 but not ones requiring explicit verbal descriptions.
5. What does paragraph 3 suggest about longterm memory in children? ○Maturation of the frontal lobes of the brain is important for the longterm memory of motor activities but not verbal descriptions在 ○Young children may form longterm memories of actions they see earlier than of things they hear or are told 在
○Young children have better longterm recall of short verbal exchanges than of long ones 在
○Children’s longterm recall of motor activities increases when such activities are accompanied by explicit verbal descriptions
Paragraph 4: A second explanation involves the influence of the social world on children’s language use 在Hearing and telling stories about events may help children store information in ways that will endure into later childhood and adulthood在Through hearing stories with a clear beginning在middle, and ending children may learn to extract the gist of events in ways that they will be able to describe many years later. Consistent with this view parents and children increasingly engage in discussions of past events when children are about three years old. However, hearing such stories is not sufficient for younger children to form enduring memories. Telling such stories to two year olds does not seem to produce longlasting verbalizable memories.
6.According to paragraph 4在what role may storytelling play in forming childhood memories? ○It may encourage the physiological maturing of the brain
○It may help preschool children tell the difference between ordinary and unusual memories 在
○It may help preschool children retrieve memories quickly在
○It may provide an ordered structure that facilitates memory retrieval
Paragraph 5: A third likely explanation for infantile amnesia involves incompatibilities between the ways In which infants encode information and the ways in which older children and adults retrieve it. Whether people can remember an event depends critically on the fit between the way in which they earlier encoded the information and the way in which they later attempt to retrieve it. The better able the person is to reconstruct the perspective fro...
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This note was uploaded on 09/17/2013 for the course LANGUAGE 13DL208 taught by Professor Wang during the Fall '13 term at East China Normal University.
- Fall '13