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Unformatted text preview: the origin of the characteristic features of the languages spoken by Pacific islanders.
They assumed that the peoples living in Southeast Asia did not have the skills needed to sail to the Pacific islands.
They questioned the ideas of G. Elliot Smith and W. J. Perry. Paragraph3: The basic cultural requirements for the successful colonization of the Pacific islands include the appropriate boatbuilding, sailing, and navigation skills to get to the islands in the first place, domesticated plants and gardening skills suited to often marginal conditions, and a varied inventory of fishing implements and techniques. It is now generally believed that these prerequisites originated with peoples speaking Austronesian languages (a group of several hundred related languages) and began to emerge in Southeast Asia by about 5000 B. C.E. The culture of that time, based on archaeology and linguistic reconstruction, is assumed to have had a broad inventory of cultivated plants including taro, yarns, banana, sugarcane, breadfruit, coconut, sago, and rice, Just as important, the culture also possessed the basic foundation for an effective maritime adaptation, including outrigger canoes and a variety of fishing techniques that could be effective for overseas voyaging. 6. The word implements in the passage is closest in meaning to skills
practices 7. All of the following are mentioned in Paragraph3 as required for successful colonization of the Pacific islands EXCEPT
knowledge of various Austronesian languages
a variety of fishing techniques
knowledge of plant cultivation 8. In Paragraph3, why does the author provide information about the types of crops grown and boats used in Southeast Asia during the period around 5000 B. C. E.?
To evaluate the relative importance of agriculture and fishing to early Austronesian peoples.
To illustrate the effectiveness of archaeological and linguistic methods in discovering details about life in ancient times.
To contrast living conditions on the continent of Asia with living conditions on the Pacific islands.
To demonstrate that people from this region had the skills and resources necessary to travel to and survive on 190
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the Pacific islands.
Paragraph4: Contrary to the arguments of some that much of the pacific was settled by Polynesians accidentally marooned after being lost and adrift, it seems reasonable that this feat was accomplished by deliberate colonization expeditions that set out fully stocked with food and domesticated plants and animals. Detailed studies of the winds and currents using computer simulations suggest that drifting canoes would have been a most unlikely means of colonizing the Pacific. These expeditions were likely driven by population growth and political dynamics on the home islands, as well as the challenge and excitement of exploring unknown waters. Because all Polynesia...
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- Fall '13