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Unformatted text preview: ht to Europe, which stimulated and influenced the work of a wide variety of wares, notably Delft. The Chinese themselves adapted many specific vessel forms from the West, such as bottles with long spouts, and designed a range of decorative patterns especially for the European market.
6. The word instigate in the passage is closest in meaning to ○ improved
7. According to paragraph 4. one consequence of the trade of Chinese ceramics was ○ The transfer of a distinctive blue pigment from China to the Middle East
○ An immediate change from earthenware production to porcelain production in European countries
○ Chinese production of wares made for the European market
○ A decreased number of porcelain vessels available on the European market
Paragraph 5 在 Just as painted designs on Greek pots may seem today to be purely decorative, whereas in fact they were carefully and precisely worked out so that at the time, their meaning was clear, so it is with Chinese pots. To twentiethcentury eyes, Chinese pottery may appear merely decorative, yet to the Chinese the f orm of each object and its adornment had meaning and significance. The dragon represented the emperor, and the phoenix, the empress; the pomegranate indicated fertility, and a pair of fish, happiness; mandarin ducks stood for wedded bliss; the pine tree, peach, and crane are emblems of long life; and fish leaping from waves indicated success in the civil service examinations. Only when European decorative themes were introduced did these meanings become obscured or even lost.
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8. The word whereas in the passage is closest in meaning to ○ while
9. In paragraph 5, the author compares the designs on Chinese pots to those on Greek pots in order to ○ emphasize that while Chinese pots were decorative. Greek pots were functional
○ argue that the designs on Chinese pots had specific meanings and were not just decorative
○ argue that twentiethcentury scholars are better able to understand these designs than were ancient scholars
○ explain how scholars have identified the meaning of specific images on Chinese pots
10. Which of the following is mentioned in paragraph 5 as being symbolically represented on Chinese ceramics? ○ Chinese rulers
○ love of homeland
○ loyally to friends
○ s uccess in trade
11. Paragraph 5 suggests which of the following about the decorations on Chinese pottery? ○ They had more importance for aristocrats than for ordinary citizens.
○ Their significance may have remained clear had the Chinese not come under foreign influence.
○ They contain some of the same images that appear on Greek pots
○ Their significance is now as clear to twentieth century observers as it was to the early Chinese.
Paragraph 6 在 From early times pots were used in both religio...
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- Fall '13