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Unformatted text preview: m which the material was encoded, the more likely that recall will be successful. 7. The word critically in the passage is closest in meaning to ○fundamentally ○partially ○consistently ○subsequently 8. The word “perspective” in the passage is closest in meaning to ○ system ○ theory ○ source ○ viewpoint 217 Mail@liuwenyong.com 在在在在在在 www.liuwenyong.com 在在在在在在在在在在在在在在在,在在在在在在在在在在 Paragraph 6: This view is supported by a variety of factors that can create mismatches between very young children's encoding and older children's and adults' retrieval efforts. The world looks very different to a person whose head is only two or three feet above the ground than to one whose head is five or six feet above it, 0lder children and adults often try to retrieve the names of things they saw, but infants would not have encoded the information verbally 在 General knowledge of categories of events such as a birthday party or a visit to the doctor's office helps older individuals encode their experiences, but again, infants and toddlers are unlikely to encode many experiences within such knowledge structures在 9. The phrase “This view” in the passage refers to the belief that ○the ability to retrieve a memory partly depends on the similarity between the encoding and retrieving process ○the process of encoding information is less complex for adults than it is for young adults and infants ○infants and older children are equally dependent on discussion of past events for the retrieval of information ○infants encode information in the same way older children and adults do 10.According to paragraphs 5 and 6 在one disadvantage very young children face in processing information is that they cannot ○process a lot of information at one time ○organize experiences according to type ○block out interruptions ○interpret the tone of adult language Paragraph 7: These three explanations of infantile amnesia are not mutually exclusive 在indeed, they support each other. Physiological immaturity may be part of why infants and toddlers do not form extremely enduring memories, even when they hear stories that promote such remembering in preschoolers . Hearing the stories may lead preschoolers to encode aspects of events that allow them to form memories they can access as adults在Conversely在improved encoding of what they hear may help them better understand and remember stories and thus make the stories more useful for remembering future events. Thus, all three explanations­­ physiological maturation hearing and producing stories about past events 在 and improved encoding of key aspects of events­­seem likely to be involved in overcoming infantile amnesia在 11. Which of the sentences below best expresses the essential information in the highlighted sentence in the passage? Incorrect choices change the meaning in important ways or leave out essential information 在 ○Incomplete phy...
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