SOC0005_Week06

SOC0005_Week06 - SOC 0005 - Week 6 Turner Chapters 8, 9...

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Page 1 SOC 0005 - Week 6 Turner Chapters 8, 9 Salvatore J. Babones Department of Sociology University of Pittsburgh Copyright 2007
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Page 2 SOCIAL INTEGRATION IN THE UNITED STATES IS VERY POOR COMPARED TO OTHER COUNTRIES (United Nations data - per 100,000 population - 2005) Country Homicide Rate Country Homicide Rate Swaziland 88.6 Slovakia 2.6 Colombia 62.7 Romania 2.5 South Africa 51.4 Portugal 2.5 Jamaica 33.7 Malaysia 2.4 Guatemala 25.5 Macedonia 2.3 Estonia 10.4 Mauritius 2.2 Latvia 10.0 Hungary 2.1 Lithuania 10.0 Korea, Republic 2.0 New Guinea 9.1 Slovenia 1.8 Ukraine 8.9 France 1.8 Thailand 8.5 Iceland 1.8 Kyrgyzstan 8.4 Czech Republic 1.7 Moldova 8.1 1.6 United States 8.1 Canada 1.6 Zambia 7.9 Australia 1.6 Philippines 7.6 Chile 1.5 Barbados 7.5 Italy 1.3 Seychelles 7.4 Spain 1.3 Zimbabwe 7.2 Tunisia 1.2 Argentina 7.2 New Zealand 1.2 Poland 5.6 Germany 1.2 Georgia 4.8 Netherlands 1.2 Uruguay 4.6 Norway 1.1 Côte d'Ivoire 4.1 Denmark 1.1 Bulgaria 4.1 Indonesia 1.0 Yemen 4.0 Switzerland 1.0 Armenia 3.3 Singapore 0.9 Finland 2.9 Greece 0.8 Azerbaijan 2.8 Hong Kong 0.6 Dominica 2.7 Japan 0.5
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Page 3 THE TWO MAIN PROCESSES OF SOCIAL INTEGRATION ARE SOCIALIZATION AND SOCIAL CONTROL • SOCIALIZATION (Chapter 8) instills in individuals the basic components of personality that encourage them to voluntarily participate in society “Everything I needed to know in life I learned in kindergarten” – People are emotionally programmed from an early age to be pro-social SOCIAL CONTROL (Chapter 9) mechanisms are involuntary incentives for individuals to participate in society whether they want to or not Social control consists of both carrot and stick approaches – People are continually sanctioned for anti-social behavior Both socialization and social control contribute to social integration
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Page 4 Turner Chapter 8 - Socialization
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Page 5 THE FORCES OF SOCIALIZATION MOVE FROM BIOLOGICAL TO SOCIAL PROCESSES OVER THE LIFE COURSE • Infants have “hard-wired” biological needs for human contact Infants and young children are socialized mainly within the family • Children and adults are most strongly socialized by interactions with “significant others” • Interaction in primary groups exerts more influence on personality than interaction in secondary groups
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Page 6 TURNER IDENTIFIES SIX MAIN PERSONALITY COMPONENTS THAT CONTRIBUTE TO SOCIALIZATION • BIOLOGICAL HERITAGE ROLE-PLAYING SKILLS SELF-CONCEPTION • MOTIVE-STATES • EMOTIONAL RESPONSES CULTURAL DIRECTIVES - the socialization of individuals into the collective consciences of the societies in which they live
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Page 7 Turner Chapter 9 - Social Control
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Page 8 WHERE SOCIALIZATION FAILS, SOCIAL CONTROL STEPS IN
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course SOC 0005 taught by Professor Babones during the Spring '08 term at Pittsburgh.

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SOC0005_Week06 - SOC 0005 - Week 6 Turner Chapters 8, 9...

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