Similar to our study of factors involved in

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: sh sociology as a field of scientific research "  Developed the sociological method Ruled out psychological explanations "  Similar to our study of factors involved in accidental falls Looked to patterned social causes instead "  E.g., the link between rates of behaviour and social categories 30 Types of suicide defined !  E.g., Durkheim’s theory of suicide attributed anomic suicide to rapid change, too little regulation !  People need rules and regulation – also cohesion "  Therefore, they need society 31 - rate of suicide correlate with a person's degree of integration into social causes Social causes of suicide !  Rates of suicide correlate with a person s degree of integration into domestic, religious, and political society, e.g. "  Married people have lower rates of suicide than divorced, single "  Protestants have higher rates of suicide than Catholics 32 Society is a “social system” - functionalist !  !  !  Emerged from Durkheim s macrosociological work Society is a social system: "  a set of interconnected, interdependent, and interrelated parts contributing to the whole Notable North American proponents: "  Talcott Parsons "  Robert Merton 33 The notion of equilibrium !  !  !  Elements operate together in equilibrium to maintain the stability and efficiency of society Social institutions all have latent (hidden-unintended) and manifest (visible – intended) functions - education "  E.g., The school system Society is always reacting and readjusting to new inputs "  Most change is gradual 34 - sudden and major social change = anomie The notion of consensus !  !  There is a general consensus about social values and the way social institutions should operate Sudden and major social change sometimes disrupts traditional values and common ways of doing things "  Causes anomie - normlessness 35 - Robert Merton - no rewards will break the rule to get the rewards The reasons for conformity Rules are constantly imposed on us !  Functionalists ask: under what conditions are people likely to obey society s rules or break them? !  Robert Merton argues that people without access to rewards through conformity will break the rules to gain 36 these rewards - deviance and crime = universal The functions of deviance Durkheim pointed out that deviance and crime are universal !  This suggests deviance and crime are normal, necessary aspects of social life The functions of deviance? !  Punishment of deviance brings people together – increases cohesion !  Deviance (and conflict) is the doorway to social change !  37 Inequality produces new kinds of social - Canada is a mosaic of different ethnic, language, regional and religious groupings unequal in order status and power. !  John Porter (1965) argued that Canada is a “Vertical Mosaic”: "  Vertical = stratified, ruled by a small group of elites !  Elites are mainly WASPS...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 09/17/2013 for the course SOC 103H1 taught by Professor L.tepperman during the Fall '13 term at University of Toronto- Toronto.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online