Rejection of religion tradition massproduction

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Unformatted text preview: =ication' Family'&'Peers' - rejection of religion & tradition Mass'Production' Market'places'&' Advertisements' Rationalization' Reliance'on''reason,' science'and'law' Rejection'of'religion'&' tradition' 14 - industrialization, urbanization, political revolutions, the enlightenment Sociology’s Emergence !  !  About 200 years ago New social problems arose from "  "  "  !  industrialization urbanization political revolutions Also important: "  The Enlightenment "  The rise of science "  New questioning of religious belief and tradition 15 - industrial revolution and french revolution = key Two revolutions are key Two social revolutions particularly influenced the growth of sociology "  Industrial Revolution "  French Revolution 16 Three Founders of Sociology Karl Marx "  Emile Durkheim "  Max Weber "  17 Noting and explaining differences !  Sociologists and social philosophers have always tried to explain differences between societies: "  Why we do things this way and they do things that way -!  E.g., Herodotus wrote about differences between Greeks, Persians and Egyptians !  E.g., Voltaire wrote about differences between the English Protestants and French Catholics 18 Explaining, not blaming - move away from blame to explain !  Social theorizing moves us away from ideas of blame, guilt, sin and wrong-doing "  Everyone has agency and free will "  Everyone is also constrained and manipulated "  Everyone is to blame for something, to a greater or lesser degree 19 Looking for social causes in seemingly unique or random circumstances !  !  E.g., what are the social causes of “accidents”? "  i.e., how unforeseeable (or random or unpredictable) are “accidents” Consider the common conditions leading to “accidental” falls 20 - 15% of population suffered an injury that limit their usual activities A great many people fall down !  !  !  An estimated 4.3 million Canadians aged 12 or older suffered an injury severe enough to limit their usual activities in 2009–2010 This represents 15% of the population Overall, falls were the leading cause of injury 21 Old people and adolescents are at the highest risk of fall injuries About 63% of seniors and onehalf of adolescents were injured in falls that year !  Young people aged 12 to 19 – especially males -- had the highest likelihood of injury "  More than one-quarter (27%) of this small age group suffered an injury "  This was almost twice the proportion of adults (14%) and three times the proportion of seniors (9%) falling that year 22 Accident risks are related to specific activities - 66% sports - 47% sports and work - 55% injury while walking or doing household chores !  !  !  Two out of three (66%) injuries among adolescents were linked to sports Among working-age adults (20 to 64), sports and work were related to almost half...
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This note was uploaded on 09/17/2013 for the course SOC 103H1 taught by Professor L.tepperman during the Fall '13 term at University of Toronto.

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