Sum total of all products of the human mind today we

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Unformatted text preview: ind Today, we hold a broader definition of culture: Culture is the sum total of all products of the human mind. !  Cultural products can be… ! concrete or abstract ! individual or collective ! material or non-material (e.g., ideas) 13 - culture is always changing Culture never stands still !  Culture "  is always changing e.g. fashions in clothing, speech, names of children !  Ideas of beauty change over time too 13 New cultural practices and ideas diffuse through the population !  The curve normally associated with culture diffusion processes is referred to as the S-curve !  We can speculate about the social processes that produce this pattern 14 - how and why people adapt new culture - 2.5% will be innovator (minority) - 16% will be laggards 落後者 Innovators are always in the minority 改革者 !  !  In the cultural diffusion process, approximately 2.5 per cent will be “innovators” and 16% will be laggards It is interesting that innovation is similar, no matter what is changing " But don’t underestimate the effects of marketing 16 - all modes of discourse 交談 Cultural Products include…… !  Paintings !  Books !  Music !  They are all modes of discourse habitual ways of speaking about and understanding a topic #  every cultural text consists of key ideas, symbols and concepts #  16 What does culture express? Consider art as one cultural product: Any work of art expresses at least three things: !  A particular genre "  !  A particular period "  !  E.g., early 20th century A particular artist "  !  E.g., landscape E.g., Tom Thomson Also, class position 17 - cultural capital: access to valued interpersonal connection Art and Cultural Capital You learn good taste !  In this way you acquire cultural capital !  Cultural capital provides access to valued interpersonal connections !  People with more cultural capital get more education, get richer, marry up 19 Perceptual filter !  !  !  - see some things and ignore others We can view culture as a perceptual filter, allowing us to see some things and ignore others Cultures teach us that some things are beautiful and others are ugly; some are sensible and others are ridiculous Consider the following: 19 Art – a cultural product -distinguishes people by taste expressive activity that has no practical goal (e.g., painting, ballet) may still have social consequences low art (and Kitsch)…..folk art……. high art Artistic tastes reflect the class and status hierarchy of society e.g. Proust versus National Enquirer or 20 People Magazine Which of these has worse taste? What rules of taste are being violated? 21 - Veblen: cultural tastes change because the upper class repeatedly invents new cultural elements The re-invention of taste from above !  According to Veblen, cultural tastes change because the upper class repeatedly invents new cultural elements to distinguish it from the middle class 23 We lear...
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This note was uploaded on 09/17/2013 for the course SOC 103H1 taught by Professor L.tepperman during the Fall '13 term at University of Toronto.

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