Canada class power determines the kind of state role

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Unformatted text preview: ame 17 - states become modern democratic (Norway, Canada) - class power = determines the kind of state role - upper class -> fascism - middle class -> liberal democracy - peasant domination -> communism The role of the middle class Most important, Moore argues that class power determines the kind of state role in modernization: 中央集權 少數人擁有大都數的權利 !  upper class (and military) domination leads to modernity through fascism !  Middle class domination leads to modernity through liberal democracy !  Peasant domination leads to modernity through communism - e.g. ,China !  So far, no working class domination has led to modernization 18 資產階級 (middle class) A bourgeois revolution brings (bourgeois) democracy Moore believed "bourgeois revolution" brings western democracy in 5 ways: - weaken monarchy or 1.  Undermines role of monarchy or aristocracy aristocracy's power 2.  Moves rural economy to independent small farming, away from large feudal estates 3.  Helps eliminate impoverished peasantry and landed classes dependent on this exploitation 19 - Moore focuses on violence in setting up democracy Revolution breaks a society from the past 4. makes bourgeoisie less likely to ally with aristocracy against peasants/workers (as in fascism) 5. Breaks from the past, economically, politically and ideologically ! Like Lipset, Moore focuses on the occasional importance of violence in setting up democracy 20 Like Lipset, Moore sees the value of cross-national comparison - identify laws of societal change Both use cross-national, comparative and historical research, like Marx, Weber, Marx, etc !  Comparison helps to identify laws of societal change !  also useful in studying "failed states" (more later) 21 Lipset says Canada is less egalitarian and achievement-oriented than US “UK and Canada have more traditional values than the US… !  Canadians are more 平均 egalitarian (collectivistic) 主義 and ascriptive (i.e., focused on inborn traits) 先賦性 !  Canadians are less concerned with individualism, freedom, and achievement than Americans” 22 Differences are partly a result of different historical origins !  US was founded in bloody war "  "  !  Revolutionary war + civil war Canada was founded by peaceful pro-English loyalists Canadian authority is founded in tradition "  American authority was founded in Constitutional rational-legal principles 23 - rule of law The importance of written rules ! ! One commonality between successful modern states (including Canada and US) is rule of law Compare this with what Weber called “patrimonial 祖傳的; 世襲的 rule” " Up to 1914, many kings and emperors ruled without restraint, citing divine right of kingship " This was ultimately unsustainable " Swept away by revolution and war 24 Without written rules… - rule of law and justice - predictable economic life - predictable social life - systematic gro...
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