Expert or state knowledge to do so 11 some

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Unformatted text preview: expert or state knowledge to do so. 11 Some differences between political sociology and political science - try to understand government behavior ! ! Political science deals mainly with machinery of gov’t and public admin. " Research method: philosophical and historical Political sociology deals with relations between political institutions and other social institutions " Also, research method is more quantitative, e.g. survey/interviews 12 Central concern of political sociology: Bases of Authority - different kind of authority define different kind of states - complete change of all the traditional rule !  !  Traditional authority: power is supported and justified by tradition "  e.g. pre-industrial rulers Louis XIV of France Charismatic authority: power is based on holder’s quality of charisma (e.g. charm) "  charisma is known by its effects, not its traits "  leaders often generate excitement and mobilize people toward goal, like new social values 13 - most common type in modern states - power is based on reason, legitimacy derives from holders formal rules - societies operate through rule of law, bureaucratic organization Rational-legal authority Cf., Foucault on governmentality Most common type of authority in modern states "  power is based on reason, evidence, expertise, formal rules "  legitimacy derives from holder’s formal position "  societies operate through rule of law, bureaucratic organization 14 - revolutionary war - equality & achievement Example of the sociological approach: Seymour Martin Lipset’s "First New Nation" !  !  !  - how are Canada and USA differently? - interested in historical sociology - Compare Canada with USA, Australia, and UK Examines role of politics in making American society different from others Identifies key features about US: 1) Revolutionary war 2) Commitment to two core values: equality and achievement These values form basis of all American institutions: family, school, politics, etc. 15 - new republic - new set of constitutional rights - sense of community The role of revolution in nation-building ! The American Revolution established a basis for legal-rational authority " Created a new republic " Created a new set of constitutional “rights” " Created a new sense of community 16 Sociologists also study the role of class influence in modernization - B. Moore: class influence v.s type of state - examine democracy, equality, class formation !  !  B. Moore explores connection between class influence and type of state "  compares societies in examining democracy, equality and class formation "  disagrees with Marx's view that working class revolution would produce equality necessary for democracy also challenges "modernization theorists" who believed in only one route to modern society (through capitalism) - not all society modernize in the same way - USA and Canada are not the s...
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This note was uploaded on 09/17/2013 for the course SOC 103H1 taught by Professor L.tepperman during the Fall '13 term at University of Toronto.

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