Accepts both the social role and the identity

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Unformatted text preview: ccepts both the social role and the identity associated with it - role distance: takes on the role but sometimes signals separation from the values associated with that role !  !  !  Usually, roles and identities are so closely connected that they almost overlap Role embracement: a person willingly accepts both the social role and the identity associated with it "  E.g., a person in the role of teacher agrees to behave and think like a teacher But sometimes a person takes on the role but signals separation from the values associated with that role "  E.g., a child distances himself from parents in front 9 of friends Roles become identities through internalization - somehow reputation come to internalize the roles we play Identities are based on the social roles we play !  After awhile, we internalize the roles we play so they become central parts of our identity !  In time, the new role/identity begins to structure your life "  You willingly take on other duties associated with the role "  E.g., becoming a “serious student” 10 - George Herbert Mead - role taking: adopt new roles throughout lifetime (enter and leave identities) Learning roles is a lifelong effort !  !  children --> student (graduate) --> job (retire) how to we learn to leave the role? George Herbert Mead noted that people adopt new roles throughout their lifetime "  Called this role-taking "  They learn roles from people around them, as well as from society at large Role-taking is a dynamic process "  We enter and leave roles throughout life "  Therefore, we enter and leave identities! "  Some departures are hard: e.g., the military widow, the closet gay person 11 - role making: cooperative creative process that works through interaction Role-making versus role-taking !  !  !  On the other hand, “rolemaking” is a cooperative creative process that works through interaction "  people agree to invent new social roles together "  E.g., to break rules of dress or behaviour together However, this agreement does not bind the rest of society To survive, a social script must become widely known and accepted in the population "  needs to form part of a stable subculture "  That s why people form 12 subcultures The influence of peers in taking and making new identities !  Different kinds of people influence us to different degrees throughout our lives !  The strongest influences on an adolescent’s selfconcept are peers !  They affect the roles we make and take 13 Problems in playing roles: (1) Role Conflict - a person has to satisfy the demands of two or more incompatible or contradictory roles - 同個人有不同角色 !  Role conflict occurs when a person has to satisfy the demands of two or more incompatible or contradictory roles "  playing one role necessarily undermines or prevents playing the other "  E.g., being a good friend versus being...
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This note was uploaded on 09/17/2013 for the course SOC 103H1 taught by Professor L.tepperman during the Fall '13 term at University of Toronto- Toronto.

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