Associated with the same role are incompatible with

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Unformatted text preview: a good student 14 (2) Role strain - two behaviours associated with the same role are incompatible - 同個人with同一種角色 (good grades vs not nerd) !  Role strain occurs when two behaviours associated with the same role are incompatible !  E.g., being a successful student without appearing to be nerdy, uncool, or overcommitted 15 - prioritize social roles - adopt a master status - compartmentalization 分隔 Dealing with role conflict !  !  !  1. Prioritize social roles "  placing priority on some roles and giving others lesser importance 2. Adopt a master status "  taking one role and making it supreme over all the others 3. Compartmentalization "  keeping social groups separate to avoid humiliation "  e.g., keeping parents and friends separate 16 Another way of dealing with conflict: Secrecy - George Simmel - the reality is not built with honesty !  !  !  !  - first world: socially acceptable activities - second world: hidden deviant George Simmel was the first sociologist to study secrecy Our first world is the recognized world of socially acceptable activities Our second world includes (usually) hidden deviant activities others cannot see most of the time (e.g., sexual affairs) Secrecy is a normal part of social relations "  May be functionally necessary in complex societies, given role conflict 17 Primary and secondary groups: Where we play many of our roles - Cooley Cooley (1909) distinguished between two types of groups !  Primary groups are characterized by small size and emotional intimacy between members "  E.g., family "  We will discuss families later in the course !  Secondary groups are medium-to-large in size and may not always command our primary social allegiance "  E.g., teams, bands and gangs 18 - differ in goals, activites, and social legitimacy Consider TBG: teams, bands and gangs !  !  Despite their different purposes, they all have "  Leadership "  Rules/norms "  Roles "  Goals T, B, and G differ in some respects: e.g., "  Differences in goals and activities "  Differences in social legitimacy But these differences don t matter sociologically, given the similarities 19 All TBG offer people the following: energy "  excitement "  loyalty "  community "  Pleasure "  fun "  creativity "  innovation That s why people voluntarily join and stay "  !  20 The glue : peer pressure !  !  !  - win the esteem - obey rules their friends obey - social acceptance People want to win (and keep) the esteem of their friends They want to obey the rules their friends obey (and break the rules their friends break) They are hungry for social acceptance outside their family 21 The value of organization and leadership - benefit from organization and leadership - involves division of labour !  !  All group activities benefit from organization and leadership &quo...
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