Politics expresseive politics 27 the role of ideology

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Unformatted text preview: well as instrumental politics "  status politics as well as class politics - expresseive politics 27 The role of ideology in social movements - screen to review reality - dominant when supported by powerful groups (status quo) !  !  !  Ideology: "  a way of perceiving reality "  An agenda for social, political or economic action Ideology is “dominant” when supported by powerful groups "  Also, when it supports the status quo A counter-ideology is opposed by powerful groups and opposes the status quo 26 - reformist: identify and reduce them - radical: erase them Ideologies have multiple roles !  !  In relation to underlying inequalities of society, "  reformist ideologies identify and attempt to reduce them "  radical ideologies attempt to erase them Ideologies can dispel “false consciousness” "  a view of the world out of sync with objective reality "  i.e., ideologies can be empowering and 29 educational - reformist: call for minor changes, keep basic rules Ideologies mobilize political action !  !  Reformist ideologies call for minor changes to society, and keep basic rules the same E.g. Canadian policies of Medicare, welfare, and old age assistance "  not intended to bring equality "  only intended as "safety nets" for the most vulnerable 30 Identity Politics rely on group-based ideologies !  !  !  - concern with welfare and self-image Identity politics —a substitute for class-based politics "  Concerned with the welfare of particular kinds of people "  Goals: Equity, dignity, cultural recognition To increase pride in an attribute that previously had been a source of shame participation in these movements increases solidarity among those sharing the attribute "  i.e., group-forming "  but not exclusionary 31 e.g., The Women s Movement: a triumph of identity politics !  !  The women’s movement has increased equity, dignity, and cultural recognition for women "  Has also increased their participation in the public sphere Has it increased the solidarity among women? "  !  Too many different kinds of women Has it been inclusionary for males? "  Varies from group to group 32 - some movements turn into political parties (goal change) Movements and parties !  !  !  Some movements turn into political parties or are co-opted into existing political parties. "  E.g., Green parties When movements become parties, goals change somewhat "  Concern with trying to win and keep political power But there is no Woman’s Party. "  How have women fared in the political presentation of their demands? 33 Greater participation by women has changed political life only slightly !  Feminist perspective: the State tends to ignore women's needs "  !  e.g. need for high-quality subsidized childcare Does the increase of women in politics make a difference? "  Mainly...
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