Social issues the history of social movements social

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Unformatted text preview: our, target the most pressing social issues The history of social movements !  !  Social movements evolve "  In 18th and 19th centuries, most were poorly organized and targeted local issues "  Lacked resources In the early 20th century, they developed more complex division of labour and targeted the most pressing social issues "  Economic equality "  Political representation "  Redistribution of wealth 19 Social movements are everywhere !  Social change has been occurring at an unprecedented rate in the past few decades. "  Environmental movement "  Feminist movement "  Anti-Free Trade movement "  Black Power movement "  Gay and lesbian movements 20 Social movements have different kinds of goals - we need a language to talk about social movement (explain why things are different/similar) !  Revolutionary social movements are aimed at changing everyone radically !  Other social movements focus on limited goals or limited populations 21 All social movements pass through stages of change The typical stages of change in a social movement include: !  a build-up of stress !  public awareness of a problem, a trigger event, and !  public opposition to power-holder policies - social movement tend to follow the general patterns 22 All social movements routinize and bureaucratize !  Recall Weber’s discussion of the routinization of charisma in religion !  Not all social movements succeed, but they all bureaucratize "  i.e., formalize their rules and authority structures 23 One theory of movements: the breakdown of social order !  According - functionalists - social changes reduce social integration (instability) - social movements to restore stability to functionalists, social movements emerge when widespread changes have reduced social integration !  Social movements are an attempt to restore order 24 Another theory of movements: the supply of resources - resource mobilization theorists - attempts to fight inequality !  According to resource mobilization theorists, social movements are attempts to fight inequality "  inequality is - some society have more always present resources than others "  tools to combat inequality vary 25 Social movements may be organized around class issues !  Social movements can also be organized around symbolic social issues Consider the battle for Prohibition of alcoholic beverages !  The Women s Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) sought nationwide moral 26 improvement - prohibition = status war (anxiety for Anglo-Saxon people) - there are latent and manifest f/ns of social movement Prohibition was a status war !  !  Success would confer status on the WCTU and its members: small-town white Anglo-Saxon Protestant women. "  Traditional moral authority was being threatened by industrialization, urbanization, and immigration. Battle for Prohibition shows importance of "  expressive politics as...
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This note was uploaded on 09/17/2013 for the course SOC 103H1 taught by Professor L.tepperman during the Fall '13 term at University of Toronto.

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