Societythe society that depends on play and altruism

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Unformatted text preview: iety—the society that depends on play and altruism, on 利他主義 clubs, support groups, and voluntary associations Has civil society gone into decline? 宅 Evidence of cocooning : going home every night and drawing the blinds against the outside world 11 Is civil society declining? - lose social capital & social coheion Bowling Alone (2000) by Robert Putnam: !  !  !  Since 1950, there has been a general decline in active civil participation "  most obvious in strong signs of political disengagement "  also, in decline of participation in clubs and charities People are more isolated and fragmented and communities lose social capital and social cohesion Putnam credits change to the effects of modern technology - TV is one of the primary negative influences on social life which produces anti-social behaviour 12 - reach peak for men in 1960s and now decline - people bowl alone e.g., the decline of league bowling !  The popularity of league bowling in the US reached a peak for men in the 1960s "  Now in decline "  More people bowl alone !  Have seen similar declines in other activities 13 e.g., steady decline in dinner parties !  In the last 35 years, there has been a steady decline in home entertaining and dinner parties !  The evidence is still out on this !  Why should a decline in voluntary associations matter? 14 - increase tolerance - clubs: "sites of positive learning" and "schools for democracy" !  Membership in voluntary associations can increase tolerance !  Different “kinds of” people are apt to meet as equals !  Clubs are sites of positive learning and schools for democracy 15 - familiarity and sociability = sources of tolerance - trust = key to social order, cooperation, democracy Familiarity breeds trust !  !  Familiarity and sociability are important sources of tolerance "  People work best together under noncompetitive conditions "  E.g., teams, bands, and gangs Trust is key to social order, cooperation, and democracy "  Voluntary associations promote trust 16 - shared norms = increase the national level of generalized trust Trust through voluntary associations !  !  !  Social norms are transmitted and shared through networks of connected groups Shared norms help to increase the national level of generalized trust Through exposure and trust, we come to vouch for one another, connect one another indirectly as well as directly 17 Brokers link strangers to one another, increase general trust - need to have some people acting as broker and filling the hole between the communication 掮客業務 !  brokerage is the process of bridging gaps "  helps to build relationships outside the normal social networks "  moves different ideas from one group to another, proposing ideas that are new to the recipient group "  important in social movement formation 18 - early 20th century - develop more complex division of lab...
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