4470Lecture_12

4470Lecture_12 - Professor: Dar ius A. Spieth Ar t Histor y...

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Unformatted text preview: Professor: Dar ius A. Spieth Ar t Histor y Program LSU School of Ar t The Bauhaus was a very influential school of art, design, and architecture, founded in Germany immediately after WWI (1919) I t was first established in the town of Weimar in Thuringia (name of a region in Eastern Germany) The original mission of the school was very idealistic: changing society for the better through art and design > for instance, architects invented new schemes for wood architecture to overcome shortages in materials after the lost war I n 1925, the right-wing, provincial government of Thuringia closed the school down and it moved to Dessau; here, a new concept for the mission of the school took root > the idea that art and technology should enter a symbiosis became the cornerstone of the schools curriculum; investigation of the practical use of new materials, such as steel, concrete, or glass Universalist objective of school > change the physical appearance of the world as a whole: mass housing, industrial design (furniture, appliances), typography, layout and photography, along with traditional media like painting and sculpture, all entered the schools curriculum Special concern with developing prototypes for industry Some of the most talented artists, designers, architects, and photographers of the early 20 t h century became teachers at the Bauhaus, including Kandinsky, Klee, or the architect Walter Gropius Lszl Moholy-Nagy, Photogram: Hands and Paintbrush , 1926, Photogram/Gelatin silver print Moholy-Nagy played a key role at the Bauhaus in Weimar and Dessau as a painter, graphic artist, teacher, and advocat e of avant-garde photography Of Hungarian-Jewish descent, he taught here between 1923 and 1928 He made this image wit hout a camera by placing ordinary objects, including his hand and a paintbrush, on a sheet of photosensitized paper and exposing it to light t o obtain semi-abstract compositions While t his simple process was known to photography's founders in the nineteenth century and was later popularized as a child's amusement , avant-garde art ists in the t wentieth century revived the phot ogram technique as a means for exploring t he optical and expressive properties of light Wit h t his shadow-image of a hand and paint brush, Moholy-Nagy suggests t hat photography may incorporate, and even transcend, painting as the most vital medium of artistic expression in the modern age Lszl Moholy-Nagy, Photogram , ca. 1928, gelatin-silver print During his tenure at the Bauhaus, Lszl Moholy-Nagy published Malerei, Photographie, Film ( Painting, Photography, Film ) He urged an investigation into the new culture of light so that the strongest visual experiences that could be granted to man could be made available through the understanding and use of photography Even though photography was not taught at the Bauhaus, Moholy-Nagy's arrival at the school a couple of years prior to the...
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4470Lecture_12 - Professor: Dar ius A. Spieth Ar t Histor y...

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