B - Philosophy Do animals have rights notes 2011

Mammals 2 birds 3 fish

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Unformatted text preview: Mammals 2. Birds 3. Fish  ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­???  4.Insects Wheredoyoudrawtheline?  AnimalsDONOThaverights:Philosophies&theirsupporters Somemythsaboutconferringrights(D.Wagner) Myth#1:norights=noregard  Thoughts? Myth#2:PeterSingerisananimalrightist  Revisitdefinitions:utilitarian Myth#3:allmoralistswillfindacommoncausetosupport  Whatabouttraditionalmoralists(pro ­life,welfarevs.rights)VS.revolutionarymoralists(pro ­ choice,rightsandutilitarianism)?  Additionalthoughts:NOtoanimalrights Isarightbestthoughtofasakindofprotectionconferredbymorality(e.g.righttoprivacy)? Doanimalrightsdegradehumans?(D.Carlin) Istheanimalrightsmovementseekingtoelevateanimalsorattemptingtodegrade humans? Doesithavesimilarproblemstocommunism? Isconsciousnessenoughorareknowledge&freedomrequired: Aright ­holdermustKNOWthathe/sheispursuingagoodandmustbeFREEtodoso.Noanimalknows whyitlivesthewayitdoesorisfreetoliveinanotherway.Beinggovernedbyinstinctisnotfreedom. Wouldachimpbecondemnedforkillingarivalorlionscondemnedforkilling&eatingagazelle? Additionalthoughts: Animalrights&awareness Animalsarehumanproperty–historicalstancetillmid ­1800’s Areanimalsandhumansboth“aware”? DorightsdependonSAPIENCE? Sentience=awareness Sapience=beingawareofawarenessandmakingchoicesaboutwhattodoinlife Cats&dogsthink,humansthinkaboutthinking(L.NeilSmith)  GreatApeProject(GAP) http://www.greatapeproject.org Britain–banneduseofapesinresearch.Othercountriesfollowingsuit BYLAW:greatapeswillhave: Righttolife Protectionofindividualliberty Prohibitionfromtorture ArgumentFORaperights Intelligence: Koko,gorilla,signlanguage–80onIQtest AverageHuman–100 AGAINSTtheGAP MarcBeckoff–authored“RightsofAnimals” States:GAPisanexampleofdiscriminationbasedonSpeciesism GAPisprimatocentric,withfocusonchimpanzees States:differentiatebetweenmoralAGENT(humans)vs.moralpatient:agentsare responsiblefortheiractions Shouldwepracticeadeeperethologyfirst?(Ethology=studyofanimalbehavior) Doesgivingapesrightsmeanallwithpotentialintelligenceshouldhaverights(fetus?)?  FORtheGAP StevenWise–AnimalRightsLawyer Statesandauthors:rightsarebasedonpresentorpotentialautonomy Apesareautonomous,thusareentitled...
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