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Notes_Lecture1 - Types of Processing • Bottom-up...

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Cognitive Psychology How do we know what we know? Emphasis on how our mental processes, from the most basic sensation, through perception, memory, and higher level processing, work to allow us to solve complex problems. A bit of history… 1956 Massachusetts Institute of Technology Chomsky Miller Newell and Simon Dartmouth Conference Chomsky, McCarthy, Minsky Newell, Simon, Miller Information Processing Information made available by the environment is processed by a series of processing systems Processing systems transform or alter the information in various systematic ways The major goal of research is to specify these processes and structures Information processing in people resembles that in computers Information Processing An early version Over simplistic
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Unformatted text preview: Types of Processing • Bottom-up processing • Top-down processing • Parallel processing • Cascade processing Four Main Approaches • Experimental cognitive psychology • Cognitive neuropsychology • Computational cognitive science • Cognitive neuroscience Experimental cognitive psychology • Experiments • Scientific approach • Influenced other areas in psychology • Development of experimental procedures • Limitations • Ecological validity • Provides indirect evidence • Need also to understand the brain • Need to develop more sophisticated models Stroop Test Limitations • Ecological validity • Provides indirect evidence • Need also to understand the brain • Need to develop more sophisticated models...
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Notes_Lecture1 - Types of Processing • Bottom-up...

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