Notes_Lecture2 - Human Cognitive processes Lecture 2 -...

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Human Cognitive processes Lecture 2 - Approaches to Cognition - continued COGNITIVE NEUROPSYCHOLOGY Cognitive Neuropsychology Concerned with the patterns of cognitive performance (intact and impaired) shown by brain-damaged patients Informs us about normal human cognition Assumes - Functional modularity Anatomical modularity Uniformity of functional architecture across people Subtractivity Language processing Dax and Broca (19 th Century) in France had patients with left hemisphere damage who showed deficits in language production Wernicke, in 1874, reported that damage to a slightly different area caused deficits in language comprehension. Cognitive Neuropsychological Evidence Dissociation Double dissociation Syndromes Gerstmann’s syndrome Group vs. individual observations Limitations Compensatory strategies used by patients Damage tends to be across modules Functions may not be so localised There can be large differences among individuals having broadly similar brain
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Notes_Lecture2 - Human Cognitive processes Lecture 2 -...

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