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2. Experience Staging

Other cues to create the

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Unformatted text preview: of a food from the era being interpreted. Similarly, a blacksmith at a living history exhibit might “mix in memorabilia” by presenting guests with a “prairie diamond” (a nail bent in the shape of a wedding ring) to take home with them. Other encounter staging principles are readily identiྰable for special purposes and speciྰc settings. In experience contexts that involve performance of physical skills, for example, Csikszentmihalyi’s (Csikszentmihalyi & Csikszentmihalyi, 1988) “ྰow” theory, suggests that experience stagers could attend to such matters as optimizing the match between challenges and skills, minimizing distractions, and ensuring that immediate feedback occurs following participants’ actions. In designing parks for functionality and for memorable user experiences, Dahle and Molnar (2003), identify eight principles: (1) design all features for a purpose, (2) design for people, (3) satisfy both functional and aesthetic requirements, (4) establish a substantial experience, (5) establish and appropriate experience, (6) satisfy technical requirements, (7) meet needs for lowest cost possible, and (8) provide for ease of supervision. When appropriately applied, the encounter intended becomes the key design element driving selections of physical elements and site design to complete a park. Tilden’s (1977) classic principles of interpretation continue to serve as a basis for designing interpretive experiences in both heritage and natural settings. Recent research also identiྰed a set of principles based in pro- social behavior theory that can be used to stage youth sport events for improved sportsmanship, less violence, and fewer parent complaints (Ellis, Henderson, Paisley, Silverberg, & Wells, 2004; Wells, Ellis, Paisley, & Arthur- Banning, 2005). Principles for use of recreation as a context for education, therapy, and related “transformational” purposes (Pine & Gilmore, 1999) are described in numerous books and professional journals dedicated...
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